Alwahhabi, F. (2003). Anxiety symptoms and generalized anxiety disorder in the elderly: a review. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 11, 180–193.
American Psychiatric Association (1994). DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Anderson, T. M., Sunderland, M., Andrews, G., Titov, N., Dear, B. F. and Sachdev, P. S. (2013). The 10-item kessler psychological distress scale (K10) as a screening instrument in older individuals. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 596.
Asian American Federation of New York (2003). Asian American elders in New York city: a study of health, social needs, quality of life and quality of care. Asian American Federation of New York.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). 2071.0 Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Baldwin, R. (2008). Mood disorders: depressive disorders. In Jacoby, R., Oppenheimer, C., Dening, T. and Thomas, A. (eds.), Oxford Textbook of Old Age Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bian, C., Li, C., Duan, Q. and Wu, H. (2011). Reliability and validity of patient health questionnaire: depressive syndrome module for outpatients. Scientific Research and Essays, 6, 278–282.
Bryant, C., Jackson, H. and Ames, D. (2008). The prevalence of anxiety in older adults: methodological issues and a review of the literature. Journal of Affective Disorders, 109, 233–250.
Feng, D. and Xu, L. (2015). The relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress among Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis patients: the moderating role of self-esteem. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 20, 177–185.
Gibson, D., Braun, P., Benham, C. and Mason, F. (2001). Projections Of Older Immigrants: People from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds, 1996–2026. Aged Care Series. Canberra: Australia Institute of Health and Welfare.
Hamamura, T., Heine, S. J. and Paulhus, D. L. (2008). Cultural differences in response styles: the role of dialectical thinking. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 932–942.
Haralambous, B. et al. (2016). “Depression is not an illness. It's up to you to make yourself happy”. Perceptions of Chinese health professionals and community workers about older Chinese immigrants' experiences of depression and anxiety. Australasian Journal On Ageing. doi:10.1111/ajag.12306
Kalafat, J., Gould, M. S., Munfakh, J. L. H. and Kleinman, M. (2007). An evaluation of crisis hotline outcomes: part 1: nonsuicidal crisis callers. Marjorie Suicide & Life - Threatening Behavior, 37, 322–337.
Kessler, R. C. et al. (2003). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 184–189.
Kim, S. and Feldt, L. S. (2008). A comparison of tests for equality of two or more independent alpha coefficients. Journal of Educational Measurement, 45, 179–193.
Kogan, J. N., Edelstein, B. A. and Mckee, D. R. (2000). Assessment of anxiety in older adults: current status. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 14, 109–132.
Kuo, B. C. H., Chong, V. and Joseph, J. (2008). Depression and its psychosocial correlates among older Asian Immigrants in North America: a critical review of two decades’ research. Journal of Aging and Health, 20, 615–652.
Lin, X., Haralambous, B., Pachana, N. A., Bryant, C., Logiudice, D., Goh, A. and Dow, B. (2016). Screening for depression and anxiety among older Chinese immigrants living in western countries: the use of the geriatric depression scale (GDS) and the geriatric anxiety inventory (GAI). Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 8, 32–43.
Mccurren, C. (2002). Assessment for depression among nursing home elders: evaluation of the MDS mood assessment. Geriatric Nursing, 23, 103–108.
Mui, A. C. (1996). Geriatric depression scale as a community screening instrument for elderly Chinese immigrants. International Psychogeriatrics, 8, 445–458.
Pachana, N. A., Byrne, G. J., Siddle, H., Koloski, N., Harley, E. and Arnold, E. (2007). Development and validation of the geriatric anxiety inventory. International Psychogeriatrics, 19, 103–114.
Pachana, N. A., Mitchell, L. K., Pinsker, D. M., Morriss, E., Lo, A. and Cherrier, M. (2016). In brief , look sharp: short form assessment in the geriatric setting. Australian Psychologist, 51, 342–351.
Pettersson, A., Bengtsson Bostr ö m, K., Gustavsson, P. and Ekselius, L. (2015). Which instruments to support diagnosis of depression have sufficient accuracy? A systematic review. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 69, 497–508.
Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. W. and Group, H. P. H. Q. P. C. S. (1999). Validation and utility of a self-report version of prime-md: the PHQ primary care study. JAMA, 282, 1737–1744.
Thomas, T. (2003). Older migrants and their families in Australia. Family Matters, 40–45.
Turcotte, M. and Schellenberg, G. (2006). A Portrait of Seniors in Canada. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Watson, L. C. and Pignone, M. P. (2003). Screening accuracy for late-life depression in primary care: a systematic review. Journal of Family Practice, 52, 956–964.
Yan, Y., Xin, T., Wang, D. and Tang, D. (2014). Application of the geriatric anxiety Inventory-Chinese version (GAI-CV) to older people in Beijing communities. International Psychogeriatrics, 26, 517–523.
Yang, Y., Ding, R., Hu, D., Zhang, F. and Sheng, L. (2014). Reliability and validity of a Chinese version of the HADS for screening depression and anxiety in psycho-cardiological outpatients. Compr Psychiatry, 55, 215–220.
Yeung, A. et al. (2008). Validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 for depression screening among Chinese Americans. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 49 (2), 211–217.
Yesavage, J. A. and Sheikh, J. I. (1986). Geriatric depression scale (GDS): recent evidence and development of a shorter version. Clinical Gerontologist, 5, 165–173.
Zigmond, A. S. and Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361–370.