Andrews, G. and Slade, T (2001). Interpreting scores on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25, 494–497.
Baker, F. B. (2001). The Basics of Item Response Theory. College Park, MD: ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation.
Benjamini, Y. and Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling for false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, 57, 289–300.
Browne, M. W. and Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In Bollen, K. A. and Long, J. S. (eds.), Testing Structural Equation Models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Cohen, A. S., Kim, S-H. and Baker, F. B. (1993). Detection of differential item functioning in the graded response model. Applied Psychological Measurement, 17, 335–350.
Embretson, S. E. and Reise, S. P. (2000). Item Response Theory for Psychologists. New York, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Ernst, C. and Angst, J. (1995). Depression in old age: is there a real decrease in prevalence? European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 245, 272–287.
Fassaert, T. et al. (2009). Psychometric properties of an interviewer-administered version of the Kessler Psychological Distress scale (K10) among Dutch, Moroccan and Turkish respondents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 18, 159–169.
Furukawa, T. A., Kessler, R. C., Slade, T. and Andrews, G. (2003). The performance of the K6 and K10 screening scales for psychological distress in the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. Psychological Medicine, 33, 357–362.
Grayson, D. A., Mackinnon, A., Jorm, A. F., Creasey, H. and Broe, G. A. (2000) Item bias in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale: effects of physical disorders and disability in an elderly community sample. Journal of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 55B, 273–282.
Henderson, A. S., Jorm, A. F., Korten, A. E., Jacomb, P., Christensen, H. and Rodgers, B. (1998). Symptoms of depression and anxiety during adult life: evidence for a decline in prevalence with age. Psychological Medicine, 28, 1321–1328.
Hong, S-I., Hasche, L. and Bowland, S. (2009). Structural relationships between social activities and longitudinal trajectories of depression among older adults. Gerontologist, 49, 1–11.
Hu, L. T. and Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3, 424–453.
Jorm, A. F. (2000). Does old age reduce risk of anxiety and depression? A review of epidemiological studies across the adult life span. Psychological Medicine, 20, 11–22.
Kessler, R. C. and Ustun, T. B. (2008). The WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kessler, R. C. et al. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalence and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32, 959–976.
Kessler, R. C. et al. (2010a). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population with the K6 screening scale: results from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) survey initiative. International Journals of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 19, 4–22.
Kessler, R. C., Birnbaum, H., Bromet, E., Hwang, I., Sampson, N., and Shahly, V. (2010b). Age differences in major depression: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Psychological Medicine, 40, 225–237.
Kim, S.-H. and Cohen, A. S. (1995). A comparison of Lord's chi-square, Raju's area measures, and the likelihood ratio test on detection of differential item functioning. Applied Measurement in Education, 8, 291–312.
Muthén, L. K. and Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus Users’ Guide Sixth Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Navas-Ara, M. J. and Gomez-Benito, J. (2002). Effects of ability scale purification on the identification of DIF. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18, 9–15.
O'Connor, D. W. and Parslow, R. A. (2009). Different responses to K-10 and CIDI suggest that complex structured psychiatric interviews underestimate rates of mental disorder in old people. Psychological Medicine, 39, 1527–1531.
Raju, N. S., van der Linden, W. J. and Fleer, P. F. (1995). IRT-based internal measures of differential functioning of items and tests. Applied Psychological Measurement, 19, 353–368.
Samejima, F. (1969). Estimation of latent ability using a response pattern of graded scores. Psychometrika Monograph Supplement, 34, 100.
Slade, T., Grove, R. and Burgess, P. (2011). Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: normative data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 308–316.
Snowdon, J. (2001). Is depression more prevalent in old age? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 782–787.
Sunderland, M., Slade, T., Stewart, G. and Andrews, G. (in press). Estimating the prevalence of DSM-IV mental illness in the Australian general population using the Kessler psychological distress scale. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry.
Teresi, J. A. and Fleishman, J. A. (2007). Differential item functioning and health assessment. Quality Life Research, 16, 33–42.
Teresi, J. A. et al. (2007). Evaluating measurement equivalence using the item response theory log-likelihood ratio (IRTLR) method to assess differential item functioning (DIF): applications to measures of physical functioning ability and general distress. Quality Life Research, 16, 43–68.
Thissen, D. (2001). IRTLRDIF v 2.0b: Software for the Computation of the Statistics Involved in Item Response Theory Likelihood-Ratio Tests for Differential Item Functioning. Chapel Hill, NC: University of New Carolina. Software and user's manual available at: http://www.unc.edu/~dthissen/dl.html.
Thissen, D., Steinberg, L. and Kuang, D. (2002). Quick and easy implementation of the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure for controlling the false positive rate in multiple comparisons. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 27, 77–83.
Trollor, J. N., Sachdev, P. S., Anderson, T. M., Andrews, G. and Brodaty, H. (2007). Age shall not weary them: mental health in the middle-aged and the elderly. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 41, 581–589.
Tsang, A. et al. (2008). Common chronic pain conditions in developed and developing countries: gender and age differences and comorbidity with depression-anxiety disorders Journal of Pain, 9, 883–891.
van den Linden, W. J., and Hambleton, R. K. (1997). Handbook of Modern Item Response Theory. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Vink, D., Aartsen, M. J. and Schoevers, R. A. (2008). Risk factors for anxiety and depression in the elderly: a review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 106, 29–44.
Wang, W-C., and Yeh, Y-L. (2003). Effects of anchor item methods on differential item functioning detection with the likelihood ratio test. Applied Psychological Measurement, 27, 479–498.
Wolter, K. M. (2007). Introduction to Variance Estimation. New York, NY: Springer.
Woods, C. (2009). Empirical selection of anchor for tests of differential item functioning. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 42–57.