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Older adult psychopathology: international comparisons of self-reports, collateral reports, and cross-informant agreement

  • L.A. Rescorla (a1), M.Y. Ivanova (a2), T.M. Achenbach (a2), Vera Almeida (a3) (a4), Meltem Anafarta-Sendag (a5), Ieva Bite (a6), J. Carlos Caldas (a3) (a7), John William Capps (a8), Yi-Chuen Chen (a9), Paola Colombo (a10), Margareth da Silva Oliveira (a11), Anca Dobrean (a12), Nese Erol (a13), Alessandra Frigerio (a10), Yasuko Funabiki (a14), Reda Gedutienė (a15), Halldór S. Guðmundsson (a16), Min Quan Heo (a17), Young Ah Kim (a18), Tih-Shih Lee (a17), Manuela Leite (a3), Jianghong Liu (a19), Jasminka Markovic (a20), Monika Misiec (a21), Marcus Müller (a22), Kyung Ja Oh (a23), Verónica Portillo-Reyes (a24), Wolfgang Retz (a22) (a25), Sandra B. Sebre (a6), Shupeng Shi (a19), Sigurveig H. Sigurðardóttir (a16), Roma Šimulionienė (a15), Elvisa Sokoli (a26), Dragana Milijasevic (a27) and Ewa Zasępa (a21)...

Abstract

Objectives:

To conduct international comparisons of self-reports, collateral reports, and cross-informant agreement regarding older adult psychopathology.

Participants:

We compared self-ratings of problems (e.g. I cry a lot) and personal strengths (e.g. I like to help others) for 10,686 adults aged 60–102 years from 19 societies and collateral ratings for 7,065 of these adults from 12 societies.

Measurements:

Data were obtained via the Older Adult Self-Report (OASR) and the Older Adult Behavior Checklist (OABCL; Achenbach et al., 2004).

Results:

Cronbach’s alphas were .76 (OASR) and .80 (OABCL) averaged across societies. Across societies, 27 of the 30 problem items with the highest mean ratings and 28 of the 30 items with the lowest mean ratings were the same on the OASR and the OABCL. Q correlations between the means of the 0–1–2 ratings for the 113 problem items averaged across all pairs of societies yielded means of .77 (OASR) and .78 (OABCL). For the OASR and OABCL, respectively, analyses of variance (ANOVAs) yielded effect sizes (ESs) for society of 15% and 18% for Total Problems and 42% and 31% for Personal Strengths, respectively. For 5,584 cross-informant dyads in 12 societies, cross-informant correlations averaged across societies were .68 for Total Problems and .58 for Personal Strengths. Mixed-model ANOVAs yielded large effects for society on both Total Problems (ES = 17%) and Personal Strengths (ES = 36%).

Conclusions:

The OASR and OABCL are efficient, low-cost, easily administered mental health assessments that can be used internationally to screen for many problems and strengths.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Leslie A. Rescorla, Department of Psychology, Bryn Mawr College, 101 N. Merion Ave, Bryn Mawr, PA19010, USA. Phone: +1 610 526 7318. Email: lrescorl@brynmawr.edu.

References

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Older adult psychopathology: international comparisons of self-reports, collateral reports, and cross-informant agreement

  • L.A. Rescorla (a1), M.Y. Ivanova (a2), T.M. Achenbach (a2), Vera Almeida (a3) (a4), Meltem Anafarta-Sendag (a5), Ieva Bite (a6), J. Carlos Caldas (a3) (a7), John William Capps (a8), Yi-Chuen Chen (a9), Paola Colombo (a10), Margareth da Silva Oliveira (a11), Anca Dobrean (a12), Nese Erol (a13), Alessandra Frigerio (a10), Yasuko Funabiki (a14), Reda Gedutienė (a15), Halldór S. Guðmundsson (a16), Min Quan Heo (a17), Young Ah Kim (a18), Tih-Shih Lee (a17), Manuela Leite (a3), Jianghong Liu (a19), Jasminka Markovic (a20), Monika Misiec (a21), Marcus Müller (a22), Kyung Ja Oh (a23), Verónica Portillo-Reyes (a24), Wolfgang Retz (a22) (a25), Sandra B. Sebre (a6), Shupeng Shi (a19), Sigurveig H. Sigurðardóttir (a16), Roma Šimulionienė (a15), Elvisa Sokoli (a26), Dragana Milijasevic (a27) and Ewa Zasępa (a21)...

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