Alexopoulos, G. S., Abrams, R. C., Young, R. C. and Shamoian, C. A. (1988). Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia. Biological Psychiatry, 23, 271–284.
Ballard, C., Day, S., Sharp, S., Wing, G. and Sorensen, S. (2008). Neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia: Importance and treatment considerations. International Review of Psychiatry. 20, 396–404.
Brodaty, H. et al. (2001). Psychosis, depression and behavioral disturbances in Sydney nursing home residents: Prevalence and predictors. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 504–512.
Camozzato, A. L. et al. (2008). Reliability of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) for patients with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers. International Psychogeriatrics, 20, 383–393.
Cohen-Mansfield, J., Marx, M. S. and Rosenthal, A. S. (1989). A description of agitation in a nursing home. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 44, M77–M84.
Cummings, J. L., Mega, M., Gray, K., Rosenberg-Thomson, S., Carusi, D. A. and Gornbein, J. (1994). The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: Comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia. Neurology, 44, 2308–2314.
Dwyer, M. and Byrne, G. J. A. (2000). Disruptive vocalization and depression in older nursing home residents. International Psychogeriatrics, 12, 463–471.
Feldman, H. et al. (2004). Behavioral symptoms in mild cognitive impairment. Neurology, 62, 1199–1201.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E. and McHugh, P. H. (1975). “Mini-mental state”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
Gauthier, S. et al. (2010). Management of behavioral problems in Alzheimer's disease. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 346–372. doi:10.1017/S1041610209991505.
Geda, Y. E. et al. (2008). Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in mild cognitive impairment and normal cognitive aging. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 1193–1198.
Kaufer, D. I. et al. (2000). Validation of the NPI-Q, a brief clinical form of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 12, 233–239.
Lopez, O. L. et al. (2003). Psychiatry symptoms vary with the severity of dementia in probable Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 15, 346–353.
Lyketsos, C. G. (2007). Neuropsychiatric symptoms (behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia) and the development of dementia treatments. International Psychogeriatrics, 19, 409–420.
Lyketsos, C. G. et al. (1999). Physical aggression in dementia patients and its relationship to depression. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 66–71.
Lyketsos, C. G., Steinberg, M., Tschanz, J. T., Norton, M. C., Steffens, D. C. and Breitner, J. C. S. (2000). Mental and behavioral disturbances in dementia: findings from the Cache County Study on memory and aging. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 708–714.
Lyketsos, C. G., Lopez, O., Jones, B., Fitzpatrick, A. L., Breitner, J. and DeKosky, S. (2002). Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia and mild cognitive impairment: results from the Cardiovascular Health Study. JAMA, 288, 1475–1483.
Marin, R. S., Biedrzycki, R. C. and Firinciogullari, S. (1991). Reliability and validity of the Apathy Evaluation Scale. Psychiatry Research, 38, 143–162.
Mayer, L. S. et al. (2006). Comparison of three rating scales as outcome measures for treatment trials of depression in Alzheimer disease: findings from DIADS. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 930–936.
McKhann, G., Drachman, D., Folstein, M., Katzman, R., Price, D. and Stadlan, E. M. (1984). Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: report of the NINCDS-ADRDA Work Group under the auspices of Department of Health and Human Services Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease. Neurology, 34, 939–944.
Perneczky, R., Wagenpfeil, S., Komossa, K., Grimmer, T., Diehl, J. and Kurz, A. (2006). Mapping scores onto states: Mini-mental State Examination and Clinical Dementia Rating. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 139–144.
Perrault, A., Oremus, M., Demers, L., Vida, S. and Wolfson, C. (2000). Review of outcome measurement instruments in Alzehimer's disease drug trials: psychometric properties of behavior and mood scales. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 13, 181–196.
Reisberg, B., Ferris, S. H. and De Leon, M. J. (1982). The Global Deterioration Scale for assessment of primary degenerative dementia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 1136–1139.
Reisberg, B., Borenstein, J., Salob, S. P., Ferris, S. H., Franssen, E. and Georgotas, A. (1987). Behavior symptoms in Alzheimer's disease: phenomenology and treatment. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 48 (Suppl. 5), 9–15.
Reisberg, B., Auer, S. F. and Monteiro, I. (1996). Behavioral pathology in Alzheimer's disease (BEHAVE-AD) rating scale. International Psychogeriatics, 8, 301–308.
Robert, P. H. et al. (2009). Proposed diagnostic criteria for apathy in Alzheimer's disease and other neuropsychiatric disorders. European Psychiatry, 24, 98–104.
Rosen, W. G., Mohs, R. C. and Davis, K. (1984). A new rating scale for Alzheimer's disease. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 1356–1364.
Schreinzer, D. et al. (2005). Components of behavioral pathology in dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 137–145.
Sink, K. M., Holden, K. F. and Yaffe, K. (2005). Pharmacological treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. JAMA, 293, 596–608.
Starkstein, S. E. (2000). Apathy and withdrawal. International Psychogeriatrics, 12 (Suppl.1), 135–137.
Steinberg, M. et al. (2004). The persistence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in depression: the Cache County Study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19, 19–26.
Steinberg, M. et al. (2006). Risk factors for neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia: the Cache County Study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 824–830.
Tariot, P. N., Schneider, L. S. and Katz, I. R. (1995). Anticonvulsant and other non-neuroleptic treatment of agitation in dementia. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 8, S28–S39.
Ventura, J. et al. (1993). Training and quality assurance with the brief psychiatric rating scale: “the drift buster.” International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 3, 221–224.
Weyer, G., Erzigkeit, H., Kanowski, S., Ihl, R. and Hadler, D. (1997). Alzheimer's disease assessment scale: reliability and validity in a multicenter clinical trial. International Psychogeriatrics, 9, 123–138.
Wilberg, T., Dammen, T. and Friis, S. (2000). Comparing personality diagnostic questionnaire 4+ with longitudinal, expert, all data (LEAD) standard diagnoses in a sample with a high prevalence of axis I and axis II disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 41, 295–302.