Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-6g96d Total loading time: 0.303 Render date: 2022-07-03T09:58:42.679Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Mental healthcare in older adults with schizophrenia: results from 118 French public psychiatric departments

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 July 2015

Delphine Raucher-Chéné*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France Cognition, Health, Socialization Laboratory, EA 6291, Reims Champagne-Ardenne University, Reims, France
Nicolas Hoertel
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Hospitals Paris Ouest, Corentin-Celton Hospital, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France; Paris Descartes University, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France INSERM UMR 894, Psychiatry & Neurosciences Center, Paris, France
Céline Béra-Potelle
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France
Sarah Terrien
Affiliation:
Cognition, Health, Socialization Laboratory, EA 6291, Reims Champagne-Ardenne University, Reims, France
Sarah Barrière
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France
David Da Rin
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Hospitals Paris Ouest, Corentin-Celton Hospital, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France; Paris Descartes University, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
Eric Tran
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France
Christine Cuervo-Lombard
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France LCPI Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Toulouse 2 Le Mirail University, Toulouse, France
Christophe Portefaix
Affiliation:
Radiology Unit, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, France
Frédéric Limosin
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Hospitals Paris Ouest, Corentin-Celton Hospital, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France; Paris Descartes University, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France INSERM UMR 894, Psychiatry & Neurosciences Center, Paris, France Faculty of Medicine, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Extract

The increased life expectancy in people with severe and persistent psychiatric illness, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, has been predicted to substantially affect mental healthcare system (Bartels et al., 2002) that must adapt to meet the needs of older adults (Jeste et al., 1999). Development of specialized geriatric psychiatry services is thus needed.

Type
Letter
Copyright
Copyright © International Psychogeriatric Association 2015 

The increased life expectancy in people with severe and persistent psychiatric illness, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, has been predicted to substantially affect mental healthcare system (Bartels et al., Reference Bartels2002) that must adapt to meet the needs of older adults (Jeste et al., Reference Jeste1999). Development of specialized geriatric psychiatry services is thus needed.

In France, public mental health departments are organized into “sectors,” i.e. catchment areas defining mutually independent geographical areas, each of them comprising a mean population of 72,000 inhabitants. Catchment area healthcare teams cover all levels of service provision, i.e. primary, secondary, and tertiary care, and are responsible for the provision of healthcare services for all the inhabitants of the areas concerned. Apart from the planning and budgeting advantages of this method of organizing service, this approach leads to enhanced likelihood of providing continuity of care. However, it also implies that each sector healthcare team have the knowledge and the means required to adequately manage all mental disorders, limiting thus the development of services specialized in the care of specific disorders and in geriatric psychiatry (Verdoux and Tignol, Reference Verdoux and Tignol2003).

In this report, we sought to give an overview on the global provision of psychiatric care for older adults in France and examine the proportion of older patients with schizophrenia among psychiatric patients followed up in France between 2008 and 2009.

Data were collected in 118 public-sector psychiatric departments between 2008 and 2009. Each department was questioned about the total number of patients aged over 18 years old they had followed up during this period, their age, and the number of patients with an International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (F20–F25). Lastly, all departments were asked whether they offer specialized services for elderly patients.

Study results indicate that one out of five (n = 376±303; 21%) patients was aged 60 years or older. Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia represented nearly 13% (n = 236±147) of the total number of patients, while the percentage of patients with schizophrenia aged 60 years and older was 1.5% (n = 26±15) of the total number of patients. More than one out of ten patients with schizophrenia was aged 60 years and older (11.1%). Less than four out of ten mental health departments (39.8%) provided specialized services for elderly patients. In these departments, 76% reported ambulatory care services, 42% consultation-liaison, 36% full-time hospitalization with an average of five beds dedicated to the elderly, and 19% day hospitalization.

Mental health in older people has become a major issue in the European Union (EU) (Jané-Llopis and Gabilondo, Reference Jané-Llopis and Gabilondo2008). The EU stresses the importance of promoting autonomy and independence for older people with mental health diseases by privileging community-based care and maintaining elderly subjects in their own environment. However, our results, in line with those of a recent study (Tucker et al., Reference Tucker2007), suggest that despite substantial improvements during the last decades, the development of mental health departments offering specialized services for older patients is insufficient to meet the impending crisis in geriatric mental health.

Mental healthcare for older adults with mental illness, and particularly those with schizophrenia, needs to be accessible, affordable, culturally appropriate, and integrated into a comprehensive system of mental health services that ensures continuity and coordination of care. Despite evidence for the efficacy of a variety of interventions for mental disorders in the elderly, implementation of these interventions in usual care settings remains limited (Bartels et al., Reference Bartels2002). The main objectives for the next few years are to ensure equitable access to appropriate assessment and treatment of mental disorders in older individuals, develop the interface between specialist mental health services and generic services caring for older people, and provide adequate training to young psychiatrists and mental health staff. In France, the National Health Strategy plan recently presented by the government seeks to diminish care provision disparities, with a particular focus on the older population.

In conclusion, although elderly patients represent one out of five psychiatric patients in France, only one-third of French public mental health departments provide services specialized in geriatric psychiatry. Given the rapid growth of the geriatric population in the Western world, substantial improvements in service planning are required to meet the impending crisis in geriatric mental health.

Conflict of interest

None.

References

Bartels, S. J.et al. (2002). Evidence-based practices in geriatric mental health care. Psychiatric Services, 53, 14191431. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.53.11.1419.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jané-Llopis, E. and Gabilondo, A. (2008). Mental health in older people. Consensus Paper. European Communities: Luxembourg.Google Scholar
Jeste, D. V.et al. (1999). Consensus statement on the upcoming crisis in geriatric mental health: research agenda for the next 2 decades. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 848853. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.56.9.848.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tucker, S.et al. (2007). Old age mental health services in England: implementing the National Service Framework for Older People. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22, 211217. doi: 10.1002/gps.1662.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Verdoux, H. and Tignol, J. (2003). Focus on psychiatry in France. British Journal of Psychiatry, 183, 466471. doi: 10.1192/bjp.183.5.466.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
You have Access
12
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Mental healthcare in older adults with schizophrenia: results from 118 French public psychiatric departments
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Mental healthcare in older adults with schizophrenia: results from 118 French public psychiatric departments
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Mental healthcare in older adults with schizophrenia: results from 118 French public psychiatric departments
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *