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Life review for Chinese older adults in nursing homes: cultural acceptance and its effects

  • Xiuyan Lan (a1) (a2) (a3), Huimin Xiao (a1) and Ying Chen (a1)

Abstract

Objectives:

To explore the acceptance and effects of life review on older adults.

Design:

A mixed-method study design was utilized in this study.

Setting:

Four nursing homes located in Fuzhou, China.

Participants:

Sixty-two older adults from four nursing homes were selected according to the criteria set for this study.

Method:

Sixty-two older adults were randomly assigned to either the life review group or the control group, and 55 of them completed the study. Twenty-four participants took part in qualitative interviews after the life review program concluded. The Geriatric Depression Scale–15, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Purpose in Life Test were adopted to measure depression, self-esteem, and meaning in life, respectively.

Results:

The findings indicated that life review can reduce depressive symptoms and may be effective at improving self-esteem and meaning in life among Chinese elderly people. More importantly, it revealed that cultural factors such as values, beliefs, and attitudes could interfere with participation in a life review.

Conclusions:

A culturally sensitive life review program could be an alternative approach to psychotherapy for promoting mental health in older adults.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Huimin Xiao, No. 1 Xuefu North Road, University Town, Fuzhou, Fujian, China. Phone: (86) 591 2286 2015. Fax: (86) 591 2286 2526. Email: huimin_xiao@126.com.

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Keywords

Life review for Chinese older adults in nursing homes: cultural acceptance and its effects

  • Xiuyan Lan (a1) (a2) (a3), Huimin Xiao (a1) and Ying Chen (a1)

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