Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The knowledge and skills assessment (KASA) tool in the Australian Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service: development and initial testing

  • Urska Arnautovska (a1), Sofia Robleda (a1) (a2), Jeanette Jackson (a2) and Nancy A. Pachana (a1)

Abstract

Background:

As the global population ages, it is important that the professional care workforce is well prepared to support the needs of people with dementia. In Australia, the Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service (DBMAS) supports people with dementia and their carers through an interdisciplinary team approach. To provide DBMAS Behaviour Consultants with a tool to guide them in their professional development, this project aimed to develop a self-assessment tool to enable self-reflection on clinical competencies required for working in the service and identification of areas where further development would be required.

Methods:

A multi-stage process was applied in the development of the tool, including review of the relevant literature and focus groups with DBMAS Behaviour Consultants and Team Leaders. The tool encompasses both skills and knowledge in working with people with dementia and caregivers. A pilot study including 14 DBMAS consultants was conducted to assess the utility of the measure and ensure variability of ratings across knowledge and skill areas relative to time working in DBMAS.

Results:

The Knowledge and Skills Assessment (KASA) was developed and is now used in DBMAS service both with novice Behaviour Consultants and more experienced staff, and is also being used as an on-line version, accompanied with case vignettes.

Conclusions:

The KASA provides a valuable self-assessment tool for professional care staff working in dementia care, but would nevertheless still warrant further testing of its psychometric characteristics.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Professor Nancy A. Pachana, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia. Phone: +61 7 3365 6832; Fax: +61 7 3365 4466. Email: npachana@psy.uq.edu.au.

References

Hide All
Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 126.
Blake Stevenson (2014). Evaluating the Impact of the Alzheimer Scotland Dementia Nurse Consultants/Specialists & Dementia Champions in Bringing About Improvements to Dementia Care in Acute General Hospitals. Retrieved on September 15, 2015, from http://www.alzscot.org/news_and_community/news/3080.
Brodaty, H. et al. (2001). Psychosis, depression and behavioural disturbances in Sydney nursing home residents: prevalence and predictors. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 504512.
Cerejeira, J., Lagarto, L. and Mukaetova-Ladinska, E. (2012). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Frontiers in Neurology, 3, 73. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2012.00073.
Cohen, C. I., McKenzie, S. E., Rahmani, M., Singh, J. and Prospere, E. (2012). Historical changes in the severity of dementia and accompanying neuropsychiatric symptoms in persons presenting for evaluation in a multiracial urban dementia center. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 26, 352357.
DBMAS (2014). Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Services. Retrieved June 24, 2014, from http://dbmas.org.au/What_we_do/Our_aims.aspx.
Department of Health (2006). Best Practice Competencies and Capabilities for Pre-registration Mental Health Nurses in England. London: Department of Health.
Department of Health (2013). Dementia. Retrieved 24 June 2014, from http://www.health.gov.au/dementia.
Edvardsson, D., Fetherstonhaugh, D. and Nay, R. (2011). The tool for understanding residents’ needs as individual persons (TURNIP): construction and initial testing. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 28902896.
Edvardsson, D. and Innes, A. (2010). Measuring person-centered care: a critical comparative review of published tools. The Gerontologist, 50, 834846.
Forsetlund, L. et al. (2009). Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, CD003030.
International Psychogeriatric Association (2012). The Complete Guides to Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) United States.
Karel, M. J., Emery, E. E. and Molinari, V. (2010). Development of a tool to evaluate geropsychology knowledge and skill competencies. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 886896.
King, D. et al. (2012). The Aged Care Workforce, 2012. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing.
Knight, B., Karel, M. J., Hinrichsen, G. A., Qualls, S. H. and Duffy, M. (2009). Pikes peak model for training in professional geropsychology. American Psychologist, 64, 205214.
Kolb, D. A., Boyatzis, R. E. and Mainemelis, C. (2001). Experiential learning theory: previous research and new directions. Perspectives on Thinking, Learning, and Cognitive Styles, 1, 227247.
Michigan Dementia Coalition (2006). Knowledge and Skills Needed for Dementia Care. A Guide for Direct Care Workers. Okemos: Michigan Public Health Institute.
Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport (2009). Guideline for Integrated Dementia Care [excerpt]. An Aid for the Development of Integrated Dementia Care. Netherlands. Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport, Zorgverzekeraars Nederland, Alzheimer Nederland, ActiZ.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. USA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Skills for Care and Skills for Health (2011). Common Core Principles for Supporting People with Dementia. Leeds: Department of Health.
Tampi, R. R. et al. (2011). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: part I–epidemiology, neurobiology, heritability, and evaluation. Clinical Geriatrics, 19, 4146.
WHO (2012). Dementia: A Public Health Priority. Retrieved from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2012/9789241564458_eng.pdf.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Psychogeriatrics
  • ISSN: 1041-6102
  • EISSN: 1741-203X
  • URL: /core/journals/international-psychogeriatrics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Arnautovska supplementary material S1
Arnautovska supplementary material

 Word (31 KB)
31 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed