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Influence of personality on depression, burden, and health-related quality of life in family caregivers of persons with dementia

  • Sun Kyung Kim (a1), Myonghwa Park (a1), Yunhwan Lee (a2), Seong Hye Choi (a3), So Young Moon (a4), Sang Won Seo (a5), Kyung Won Park (a6), Bon D. Ku (a7), Hyun Jeong Han (a8), Kee Hyung Park (a9), Seol-Heui Han (a10), Eun-Joo Kim (a11), Jae-Hong Lee (a12), Sun A. Park (a13), Yong S. Shim (a14), Jong Hun Kim (a15), Chang Hyung Hong (a16), Duk L. Na (a5), Byoung Seok Ye (a17), Hee Jin Kim (a5) and Yeonsil Moon (a10)...

Abstract

Background:

Personality may predispose family caregivers to experience caregiving differently in similar situations and influence the outcomes of caregiving. A limited body of research has examined the role of some personality traits for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) in relation to burden and depression.

Methods:

Data from a large clinic-based national study in South Korea, the Caregivers of Alzheimer's Disease Research (CARE), were analyzed (N = 476). Path analysis was performed to explore the association between family caregivers’ personality traits and HRQoL. With depression and burden as mediating factors, direct and indirect associations between five personality traits and HRQoL of family caregivers were examined.

Results:

Results demonstrated the mediating role of caregiver burden and depression in linking two personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion) and HRQoL. Neuroticism and extraversion directly and indirectly influenced the mental HRQoL of caregivers. Neuroticism and extraversion only indirectly influenced their physical HRQoL. Neuroticism increased the caregiver's depression, whereas extraversion decreased it. Neuroticism only was mediated by burden to influence depression and mental and physical HRQoL.

Conclusions:

Personality traits can influence caregiving outcomes and be viewed as an individual resource of the caregiver. A family caregiver's personality characteristics need to be assessed for tailoring support programs to get the optimal benefits from caregiver interventions.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Myonghwa Park, PhD, RN, Professor, College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, 266 Munhwa-ro Jung-gu Daejeon, 301–747, South Korea. Phone: +82-42-580-8328. Email: mhpark@cnu.ac.kr.

References

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