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Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy for personality disorders in older adults?

  • E. M. J. Gielkens (a1), S. Sobczak (a1) (a2) and S. P. J. Van Alphen (a1) (a3)

Extract

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a kind of psychotherapy, which is growing in popularity, particularly for treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When Shapiro first introduced EMDR in 1989, it was approached as a controversial treatment because of lack of evidence. However, nowadays there is growing evidence for EMDR efficacy in PTSD (Mc Guire et al., 2014) and EMDR is recommended by international and national treatment guidelines for PTSD. Moreover, EMDR is also used for the treatment of other anxiety disorders, such as panic disorders (De Jongh et al., 2002). Furthermore, research continues on effects of EMDR in addiction, somatoform disorders and psychosis. So far, there is no empirical research on the efficacy of EMDR treatment in older adults.

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References

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De Jongh, A., Van den Oord, H.J.M. and Ten Broeke, E. (2002). Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in the treatment of specific phobias: four single-case studies on dental phobia. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 14891503.
Diehle, J., Opmeer, B. C., Boer, F., Mannarino, A. p. and Lindauer, R. J. (2015). Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy or eye movement desentization and reprocessing: what works in children with posttraumatic stress symptoms? A randomized controlled trial. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 24, 227236.
Mc Guire, T. M., Lee, C. W. and Drommond, P. D. (2014). Potential of eye movement desentisitation reprocessing therapy in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Psychology Research and Behaviour Management, 26, 273283.
Mevissen, L., Lievegoed, R., Seubert, A. and De Jongh, A. (2012). Treatment of PTSD in people with severe intellectual disabilities: a case series. Developmental Neurohabilitation, 15, 223232.
Videler, A., Rossi, G. M. P., Schoevaars, M., Van der Feltz, C. and Van Alphen, S. P. J. (2014). Effects of schema group therapy in older outpatients: a proof of concept study. International Psychogeriatrics, 26, 19.

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