Almkvist, O., Wahlund, L. O., Andersson-Lundman, G., Basun, H. and Backman, L. (1992). White matter hyperintensity and neuropsychological functions in dementia and healthy aging. Archives of Neurology, 49, 626–632.
Blackford, R. C. and La Rue, A. (1989). Criteria for diagnosing age-associated memory impairment: proposed improvements from the field. Developmental Neuropsychology, 5 (4), 295–306.
Breteler, M. M.et al. (1994a). Cerebral white matter lesions, vascular risk factors, and cognitive function in a population-based study: the Rotterdam Study. Neurology, 44, 1246–1252.
Breteler, M. M. B.et al. (1994b). Cognitive correlates of ventricular enlargement and cerebral white matter lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. The Rotterdam study. Stroke, 25, 1109–1115.
de Groot, J. C., de Leeuw, F. E., Oudkerk, M., Hofman, A., Jolles, J. and Breteler, M. M. B. (2001). Cerebral white matter lesions and subjective cognitive dysfunction: the Rotterdam scan study. Neurology, 56, 1539–1545.
Debette, S. and Markus, H. S. (2010). The clinical importance of white matter hyperintensities on brain magnetic resonance imaging: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ, 341, c3666. doi:10.1136/bmj.c3666.
Devine, M. E., Fonseca, J. A. S., Walker, R. W. H., Sikdar, T., Stevens, T. and Walker, Z. (2007). Cerebral white matter changes and rate of progression of dementia during cholinesterase inhibitor treatment: a retrospective cohort study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22, 1120–1126.
Fischer, P.et al. (2007). Conversion from subtypes of mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer dementia. Neurology, 68, 288–291.
Fleisher, A. S., Sowell, B. B., Taylor, C., Gamst, A. C., Petersen, R. C. and Thal, L. J. (2007). Clinical predictors of progression to Alzheimer disease in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Neurology, 68, 1588–1595.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E. and McHugh, P. A. (1975). Mini Mental State: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
Gouw, A. A.et al. (2011). Heterogeneity of small vessel disease: a systematic review of MRI and histopathology correlations. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 82, 126–135. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2009.204685.
Hughes, C. P., Berg, L., Danziger, W. L., Coben, L. A. and Martin, R. L. (1982). A new clinical scale for the staging of dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 566–572. doi:10.1192/bjp.140.6.566.
Huppert, F. A.et al. (1996). Psychometric properties of the CAMCOG and its efficacy in the diagnosis of dementia. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 3 (3), 201–214. doi:10.1080/13825589608256624.
Longstreth, W. T. Jr.et al. (1996). Clinical correlates of white matter findings on cranial magnetic resonance imaging of 3301 elderly people. Stroke, 27, 1274–1282.
Peterson, R. C.et al. (2001). Current concepts in mild cognitive impairment. Archives of Neurology, 58 (12), 1985–1992.
Roth, M.et al. (1986). CAMDEX: a standardised instrument for the diagnosis of mental disorder in the elderly with special reference to the early detection of dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 698–709.
Scarpelli, M., Salvolini, U., Diamanti, L., Montironi, R., Chiaromoni, L. and Maricotti, M. (1994). MRI and pathological examination of post-mortem brains: the problem of white matter high signal areas. Neuroradiology, 36, 393–398.
Scheltens, P., Barkhof, F., Leys, D., Wolters, E., Ravid, R. and Kamphorst, W. (1995). Histopathologic correlates of white matter changes on MRI in Alzheimer's disease and normal aging. Neurology, 45, 883–888.
Schmand, B., Walstra, G., Lindeboom, J., Teunisse, S. and Jonker, C. (2000). Early detection of Alzheimer's disease using the Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG). Psychological Medicine, 30, 619–627.
Sepe-Monti, M.et al. (2007). Vascular risk factors and white matter hyperintensities in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 115, 419–424.
van der Flier, W. M.et al. (2005). Medial temporal lobe atrophy and white matter hyperintensities are associated with mild cognitive deficits in non-disabled elderly people: the LADIS study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76, 1497–1500.
van Straaten, E. C.et al. (2008). Periventricular white matter hyperintensities increase the likelihood of progression from amnestic mild cognitive impairment to dementia. Journal of Neurology, 255, 1302–1308. doi:10.1007/s00415-008-0874-y.
Wahlund, L. O.et al. (2001). A new rating scale for age-related white matter changes applicable to MRI and CT. Stroke, 32, 1318–1322.
Whitwell, J. L.et al. (2008). MRI patterns of atrophy associated with progression to AD in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Neurology, 70 (7), 512–520.
Wolf, H., Ecke, G. M., Bettin, S., Dietrich, J. and Gertz, H. J. (2000). Do white matter changes contribute to the subsequent development of dementia in patients with mild cognitive impairment? A longitudinal study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 803–812.
Ylikoski, R., Ylikoski, A., Erkinjuntti, T., Sulkava, R., Raininko, R. and Tilvis, R. (1993). White matter changes in healthy elderly persons correlate with attention and speed of mental processing. Archives of Neurology, 50, 818–824.
Yoshita, M.et al. (2006). Extent and distribution of white matter hyperintensities in normal aging, MCI, and AD. Neurology, 67, 2192–2198.