Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A change in social activity and depression among Koreans aged 45 years and more: analysis of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006–2010)

  • Young Choi (a1) (a2), Eun-Cheol Park (a2) (a3), Jae-Hyun Kim (a1) (a2), Ki-Bong Yoo (a1) (a2), Jae-Woo Choi (a1) (a2) and Kwang-Sig Lee (a2) (a3)...

Abstract

Background:

The aim of this study is to examine a relationship between a change in social activity and depression among Koreans aged 45 years or more.

Methods:

Data came from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) (2006–2010), with 5,327 participants aged 45 years or more. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) with the logit link was used to investigate an association between a change in social activity during 2006–2008 (or 2008–2010) and depression among respondents in year 2008 (or Y2010). Depression was measured by Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D10) and a change in social activity was classified with four categories, i.e. “consistent participation”, “consistent non-participation”, “participation to non-participation”, and “non-participation to participation”. Social activity was divided into various elements and the same analysis was conducted for each of these elements.

Results:

Those with consistent non-participation and from participation to non-participation were more likely to be depressed than those with consistent participation and from non-participation to participation in social activities (OR 1.44 [95% CI 1.22–1.71], OR 1.35 [95% CI 1.15–1.58] vs. OR 1.00 [Reference], OR 1.27 [95% CI 1.09–1.48]). In addition, the strength of the negative association between consistent or new participation in social activity and depression was different across different elements of social activity. The negative association was particularly strong for leisure, culture or sports clubs, and for family or school reunion.

Conclusion:

For improving the mental health of the population aged 45 years or more, the promotion of their continued or new participations in leisure/culture clubs and family/school reunion might be needed in South Korea.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Kwang-Sig Lee, Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 210-752, Korea. Phone: +82-2-2228-1876; Fax: +82-2-392-7734. E-mail: ecophy@yuhs.ac.

References

Hide All
Alexopoulos, G. S. (2005). Depression in the elderly. The Lancet, 365, 19611970.
Borgonovi, F. (2008). Doing well by doing good. The relationship between formal volunteering and self-reported health and happiness. Social Science and Medicine, 66, 23212334.
Buchman, A. S., Boyle, P. A., Wilson, R. S., Fleischman, D. A., Leurgans, S. and Bennett, D. A. (2009). Association between late-life social activity and motor decline in older adults. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169, 11391146.
Chen, Y. Y., Subramanian, S. V., Acevedo-Garcia, D. and Kawachi, I. (2005). Women's status and depressive symptoms: a multilevel analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 60, 4960.
Choi, K. S., Stewart, R. and Dewey, M. (2013). Participation in productive activities and depression among older Europeans: survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE). International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28, 11571165.
Dupuis, S. L. and Smale, B. J. (1995). An examination of relationship between psychological well-being and depression and leisure activity participation among older adults. Loisir et société/Society and Leisure, 18, 6792.
Fiske, A., Wetherell, J. L. and Gatz, M. (2009). Depression in older adults. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 363.
Glass, T. A., De Leon, C. F. M., Bassuk, S. S. and Berkman, L. F. (2006). Social engagement and depressive symptoms in late life longitudinal findings. Journal of Aging and Health, 18, 604628.
Hahn, C. Y., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. J., Shih, C. H. and Lo, H. Y. (2004). Religious attendance and depressive symptoms among community dwelling elderly in Taiwan. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19, 11481154.
Hayward, R. D., Owen, A. D., Koenig, H. G., Steffens, D. C. and Payne, M. E. (2012). Religion and the presence and severity of depression in older adults. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 188192.
Idler, E. L. (1987). Religious involvement and the health of the elderly: some hypotheses and an initial test. Social Forces, 66, 226238.
Irwin, M., Artin, K. H. and Oxman, M. N. (1999). Screening for depression in the older adult: criterion validity of the 10-item center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D). Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 17011704.
Isaac, V., Stewart, R., Artero, S., Ancelin, M.-L. and Ritchie, K. (2009). Social activity and improvement in depressive symptoms in older people: a prospective community cohort study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychology, 17, 688696.
Jang, Y. and Chiriboga, D. A. (2011). Social activity and depressive symptoms in Korean American older adults – the conditioning role of acculturation. Journal of Aging and Health, 23, 767781.
Jung, K. H., Lee, Y. K., Park, B. M., Lee, S. J. and Lee, Y. H. (2012). Analysis of the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons. Seoul: Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.
Kohout, F. J., Berkman, L. F., Evans, D. A. and Cornoni-Huntley, J. (1993). Two shorter forms of the CES-D depression symptoms index. Journal of Aging and Health, 5, 179193.
Lee, Y. K., Jung, K. H., Oh, Y. H., Yeom, J. H., Kim, H. A. (2012). Plans for improving leisure and welfare service among the old in Korea. Seoul: Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.
Litwin, H. (2012). Physical activity, social network type, and depressive symptoms in late life: an analysis of data from the national social life, health and aging project. Aging and Mental Health, 16, 608616.
Lou, V. W., Chi, I., Kwan, C. W. and Leung, A. Y. (2013). Trajectories of social engagement and depressive symptoms among long-term care facility residents in Hong Kong. Age and Ageing, 42, 215222.
Marcellini, F., Giuli, C., Papa, R., Gagliardi, C., Malavolta, M. and Mocchegiani, E. (2010). BMI, life-style and psychological conditions in a sample of elderly Italian men and women. The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 14, 515522.
Mechakra-Tahiri, S., Zunzunegui, M., Préville, M. and Dubé, M. (2010). Gender, social relationships and depressive disorders in adults aged 65 and over in Quebec. Chronic Diseases in Canada, 30, 5665.
Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea (2011). Plan for Ageing Society and Population. Seoul: Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea.
Musick, M. A. and Wilson, J. (2003). Volunteering and depression: the role of psychological and social resources in different age groups. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 259269.
Nezu, A. M., Nezu, C. M., McClure, K. S. and Zwick, M. L. (2002). Assessment of depression. In Gotlib, I. and Hammen, C. (eds.), Handbook of Depression (pp. 6185). New York: Guilford Press.
Schwarzbach, M., Luppa, M., Forstmeier, S., König, H. H. and Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2013). Social relations and depression in late life – a systematic review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29, 121.
Solhaug, H. I., Romuld, E. B., Romild, U. and Stordal, E. (2012). Increased prevalence of depression in cohorts of the elderly: an 11-year follow-up in the general population – the HUNT study. International Psychogeriatrics, 24, 151158.
Statistics Korea (2009). The results of social survey for Y2009. Seoul: Statistics Korea.
Statistics Korea (2012). Population and housing census. Seoul: Statistics Korea.
Strawbridge, W. J., Deleger, S., Roberts, R. E. and Kaplan, G. A. (2002). Physical activity reduces the risk of subsequent depression for older adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 156, 328334.
Teo, A. R., Choi, H. and Valenstein, M. (2013). Social relationships and depression: ten-year follow-up from a nationally representative study. PloS One, 8, e62396.
World Health Organization (2002). Active ageing: a policy framework. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Zou, J., Huang, Y., Maldonado, L., Kasen, S., Cohen, P. and Chen, H. (2013). The efficacy of religious service attendance in reducing depressive symptoms. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 18.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Choi Supplementary Material
Tables S1-S2

 Word (97 KB)
97 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed