American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edn. Arlington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Annoni, J., Chouiter, L. and Demonet, J. (2016). Age-related cognitive impairment: conceptual changes and diagnostic strategies. Revue Médicale Suisse, 12, 774–779.
Babacan-Yıldız, G. et al. (2013). COST: cognitive state test, a brief screening battery for Alzheimer disease in illiterate and literate patients. International Psychogeriatrics, 25, 403–412.10.1017/S1041610212001780
Carnero Pardo, C. et al. (2013). Assessing the diagnostic accuracy (DA) of the Spanish version of the informant-based AD8 questionnaire. Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain), 28, 88–94.10.1016/j.nrl.2012.03.012
Carpenter, C., DesPain, B., Keeling, T., Shah, M. and Rothenberger, M. (2011). The six-item screener and AD8 for the detection of cognitive impairment in geriatric emergency department patients. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 57, 653–661.10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.06.560
Chin, R., Ng, A., Narasimhalu, K. and Kandiah, N. (2013). Utility of the AD8 as a self-rating tool for cognitive impairment in an Asian population. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 28, 284–288.10.1177/1533317513481090
Cordell, C. B. et al. (2013). Alzheimer's association recommendations for operationalizing the detection of cognitive impairment during the medicare annual wellness visit in a primary care setting. Alzheimer's and Dementia, 9, 141–150.10.1016/j.jalz.2012.09.011
Dokuzlar, O., Soysal, P., Usarel, C. and Isik, A. T. (2018 In press). The evaluation and design of a short depression screening tool in Turkish older adults. International Psychogeriatrics, 1–8 doi: 10.1017/S1041610218000236 (Epub ahead of print).
Dong, Y., Cheng, T., Tsou, K., Chan, Q. and Chen, C. (2014). Feasibility and acceptability of the informant AD8 for cognitive screening in primary healthcare: a pilot study. Scientific World Journal, 2014, 302834.10.1155/2014/302834
Durmaz, B., Soysal, P., Ellidokuz, H. and Isik, A. T. (2018). Validity and reliability of geriatric depression scale-15 (short form) in Turkish older adults. Northern Clinics of Istanbul. doi: 10.14744/nci.2017.85047.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E. and McHugh, P. R. (1975). “Mini-mental state”. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.10.1016/0022-3956(75)90026-6
Fritsch, T., McClendon, M. J., Wallendal, M. S., Hyde, T. F. and Larsen, J. D. (2014). Prevalence and cognitive bases of subjective memory complaints in older adults: evidence from a community sample. Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases, 2014, 17684310.1155/2014/176843
Galvin, J. E. et al. (2005). The AD8: a brief informant interview to detect dementia. Neurology, 65, 559–564.10.1212/01.wnl.0000172958.95282.2a
Galvin, J. E., Roe, C. M., Coats, M. A. and Morris, J. C. (2007a). Patient's rating of cognitive ability: using the AD8, a brief informant interview, as a self-rating tool to detect dementia. Archives of Neurology, 64, 725–730.10.1001/archneur.64.5.725
Galvin, J. E., Roe, C. M. and Morris, J. C. (2007b). Evaluation of cognitive impairment in older adults: combining brief informant and performance measures. Archives of Neurology, 64, 718–724.10.1001/archneur.64.5.718
Galvin, J. E., Roe, C. M., Xiong, C. and Morris, J. C. (2006). Validity and reliability of the AD8 informant interview in dementia. Neurology, 67, 1942–1948.10.1212/01.wnl.0000247042.15547.eb
Heinik, J. (2010). V. A. Kral and the origins of benign senescent forgetfulness and mild cognitive impairment. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 395–402.10.1017/S1041610209991682
Inouye, S. K., van Dyck, C. H., Alessi, C. A., Balkin, S., Siegal, A. P. and Horwitz, R. I. (1990). Clarifying confusion: the confusion assessment method. A new method for detection. Annals of Internal Medicine, 113, 941–948.10.7326/0003-4819-113-12-941
Isik, A. T. (2010). Late onset Alzheimer's disease in older people. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 5, 307–311.10.2147/CIA.S11718
Isik, A. T., Soysal, P., Kaya, D. and Usarel, C. (2018). Triple test, a diagnostic observation, can detect the cognitive impairment in older adults. Psychogeriatrics, 18, 98–105.10.1111/psyg.12289
Jonker, C., Geerlings, M. and Schmand, B. (2000). Are memory complaints predictive for dementia? a review of clinical and population-based studies. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 983–991.10.1002/1099-1166(200011)15:11<983::AID-GPS238>3.0.CO;2-5
Lawton, M. and Brody, E. (1969). Assessment of older people: self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. Gerontologist, 9, 179–186.10.1093/geront/9.3_Part_1.179
Li, T., Wang, H., Yang, Y., Galvin, J., Morris, J. and Yu, X. (2012). The reliability and validity of Chinese version of AD8. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi, 51, 777–780.
Logiudice, D. and Watson, R. (2014). Dementia in older people: an update. Internal Medicine Journal, 44, 1066–1073.10.1111/imj.12572
Mahoney, F. I. and Barthel, D. W. (1965). Functional evaluation: the Barthel index. Maryland State Medical Journal, 14, 61–65.
Malmstrom, T. K., Miller, D. K., Coats, M. A., Jackson, P., Miller, J. P. and Morris, J. C. (2009). Informant-based dementia screening in a population-based sample of African Americans. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 23, 117–123.10.1097/WAD.0b013e318190a709
Meguro, K., Kasai, M. and Nakamura, K. (2015). Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the AD8. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics, 52, 61–70.10.3143/geriatrics.52.61
Morris, J. (1993). The clinical dementia rating (CDR): current version and scoring rules. Neurology, 43, 2412–2414.10.1212/WNL.43.11.2412-a
Nasreddine, Z. S. et al. (2005). The Montreal cognitive assessment, MoCA: a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 695–699.10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53221.x
Petersen, R. C., Caracciolo, B., Brayne, C., Gauthier, S., Jelic, V. and Fratiglioni, L. (2014). Mild cognitive impairment: a concept in evolution. Journal of Internal Medicine, 275, 214–228.10.1111/joim.12190
Ponds, R., Commissaris, K. and Jolles, J. (1997). Prevalence and covariates of subjective forgetfulness in a normal population in the Netherlands. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 45, 207–221.10.2190/MVQ1-WB58-875H-Y4X0
Prince, M., Bryce, R., Albanese, E., Wimo, A., Ribeiro, W. and Ferri, C. (2013). The global prevalence of dementia: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Alzheimer's and Dementia, 9, 63–75.10.1016/j.jalz.2012.11.007
Ryu, H. J., Kim, H. J. and Han, S. H. (2009). Validity and reliability of the Korean version of the AD8 informant interview (K-AD8) in dementia. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 23, 371–376.10.1097/WAD.0b013e31819e6881
Shaik, M. A. et al. (2016). The reliability and validity of the informant AD8 by comparison with a series of cognitive assessment tools in primary healthcare. International Psychogeriatrics, 28, 443–452.10.1017/S1041610215001702
Shulman, K. I. (2000). Clock drawing: is it the ideal cognitive screening test? International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 548–561.10.1002/1099-1166(200006)15:6<548::AID-GPS242>3.0.CO;2-U
Singh-Manoux, A. et al. (2014). Subjective cognitive complaints and mortality: does the type of complaint matter? Journal of Psychiatric Research, 48, 73–78.10.1016/j.jpsychires.2013.10.005
Soysal, P. et al. (2016). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are associated with weight loss in older people with dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 87, 1368–1374.10.1136/jnnp-2016-313660
Soysal, P. and Isik, A. T. (2016). Effects of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors on nutritional status in elderly patients with dementia: a 6-month follow-up study. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 20, 398–403.10.1007/s12603-015-0603-z
Soysal, P., Usarel, C., Ispirli, G. and Isik, A. T. (2017). Attended with and head-turning sign can be clinical markers of cognitive impairment in older adults. International Psychogeriatrics, 29, 1763–1769.10.1017/S1041610217001181
Tariq, S. H., Tumosa, N., Chibnall, J. T., Perry, M. H. and Morley, J. E. (2006). Comparison of the Saint Louis University mental status examination and the mini-mental state examination for detecting dementia and mild neurocognitive disorder–a pilot study. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry : Official Journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 900–910.10.1097/01.JGP.0000221510.33817.86
Xie, Y., Gao, Y., Jia, J., Wang, X., Wang, Z. and Xie, H. (2014). Utility of AD8 for cognitive impairment in a Chinese physical examination population: a preliminary study. Scientific World Journal, 2014, 804871.10.1155/2014/804871
Yang, Y. H., Galvin, J. E., Morris, J. C., Lai, C. L., Chou, M. C. and Liu, C. K. (2011). Application of AD8 questionnaire to screen very mild dementia in Taiwanese. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 26, 134–138.10.1177/1533317510397330