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Out of the shadows: mental health of Canadian armed forces veterans

  • James M. Thompson (a1), Mark A. Zamorski (a2), Deniz Fikretoglu (a3), Linda VanTil (a4), Jitender Sareen (a5), Mary Beth MacLean (a4), Pasqualina Carrese (a6), Stewart Macintosh (a4) and David Pedlar (a4)...

Abstract

In the past 15 years in Canada, as in other nations, the mental health of veterans has emerged as a key concern for both government and the public. As mental health service enhancement unfolded, the need for wider population studies became apparent. This paper describes the renewal of services and key findings from national surveys of serving personnel and veterans.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits noncommercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

References

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Boulos, D. & Zamorski, M. A. (2013) Deployment-related mental disorders among Canadian forces personnel deployed in support of the mission in Afghanistan, 2001–2008. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 185, E545E552.
Fikretoglu, D. & Liu, A. (2012) Prevalence, correlates, and clinical features of delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder in a nationally representative military sample. Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47, 13591366.
Fikretoglu, D., Liu, A., Pedlar, D., et al (2010) Patterns and predictors of treatment delay for mental disorders in a nationally representative, active Canadian military sample. Medical Care, 48, 1017.
MacLean, M. B., Van Til, L., Kriger, D., et al (2013) Well-Being of Canadian Forces Veterans: Canadian Community Health Survey 2003. Research Directorate Technical Report, Veterans Affairs Canada.
MacLean, M. B., Van Til, L., Thompson, J., et al (2014) Post-military adjustment to civilian life: potential risk and protective factors. Physical Therapy, 94, 110.
Sareen, J., Cox, B. J., Afifi, T., et al (2007) Combat and peacekeeping operations in relation to prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for mental health care: findings from a large representative sample of military personnel. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 843852.
Sareen, J., Belik, S. L., Afifi, T., et al (2008) Canadian military personnel's population attributable fractions of mental disorders and mental health service use associated with combat and peacekeeping operations. American Journal of Public Health, 98, 21912198.
Sareen, J., Henriksen, C. A., Bolton, S. L., et al (2013) Adverse childhood experiences in relation to mood and anxiety disorders in a population-based sample of active military personnel. Psychological Medicine, 43, 7384.
Thompson, J. M., Pranger, T., Poirier, A., et al (2012) Mental Health Findings in the 2010 Survey on Transition to Civilian Life. Research Directorate Technical Report, Veterans Affairs Canada.
Thompson, J. M., Van Til, L., Poirier, A., et al (2014a) Health and Well-Being of Canadian Armed Forces Veterans: Findings from the 2013 Life After Service Study. Research Directorate Technical Report, Veterans Affairs Canada.
Thompson, J. M., Zamorski, M., Sweet, J., et al (2014b) Roles of physical and mental health in suicidal ideation in Canadian armed forces Regular Force veterans. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 105, E109E115.
Thompson, J. M., Pranger, T., Sweet, J., et al (2014c) Disability correlates in Canadian armed forces Regular Force veterans. Disability and Rehabilitation (Epub ahead of print).

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Out of the shadows: mental health of Canadian armed forces veterans

  • James M. Thompson (a1), Mark A. Zamorski (a2), Deniz Fikretoglu (a3), Linda VanTil (a4), Jitender Sareen (a5), Mary Beth MacLean (a4), Pasqualina Carrese (a6), Stewart Macintosh (a4) and David Pedlar (a4)...
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