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The Court of Justice of the European Union: Air Transport Association of America (Ata) et al. v. Secretary of State for Energy & Climate Change: Air Transp. Ass’n. of AM. v. Sec’y of State for Energy & Climate Change

  • Uwe M. Erling (a1)

Extract

On December 21, 2011, the Court of Justice of the European Union (‘‘ECJ’’) issued a long-awaited judgment in a reference for preliminary ruling in proceedings brought by the Air Transport Association of America, American Airlines, Inc., Continental Airlines, Inc., and United Airlines, Inc. (‘‘ATA and others’’) against the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The judgment intends to clarify the highly contentious issue of whether the application of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (‘‘EU ETS’’) to aviation activities under the Directive 2008/101/EC is compatible with international law, and whether it violates the sovereignty of other states or the freedom of the high seas.

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* This text was reproduced and reformatted from the text available at the European Court of Justice website (visited June 5, 2011) http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=117193&pageIndex=0&doclang=en&mode=doc&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=2748182.

1 Directive of the European Parliament and the Council 2008/ 101, 2009 O.J. (L 8) 3.

2 Directive of the European Parliament and the Council 2003/ 87, 2003 O.J. (L 275) 32.

3 Deutsche Emissionshandelstelle, Fact Sheet: Emissionshandel im Luftverkehr (May 2010).

4 ATA counsel highlighted this example in the oral hearing before the ECJ on July 5, 2011.

5 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Mar. 25, 1957, 2008 O.J. (C 115) 47, available at http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2012:049:0007:0007:EN:PDF.

6 Case C-366/10, Air Transp. Ass’n of Am. v. Sec’y of State for Energy & Climate Change of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & N. Ireland, E.C.R. ¶¶ 52-55 (Dec. 21, 2011).

7 Convention on International Civil Aviation, Dec. 7, 1944, 61 Stat. 1180, 15 U.N.T.S. 295, available at http://www.mcgill.ca/files/iasl/chicago1944a.pdf.

8 Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Dec. 10, 1997, 37 I.L.M. 22 (entered into force Feb. 16, 2005), available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.pdf.

9 Air Transport Agreement, U.S.-Eur. Union, Apr. 30, 2007, 2007 O.J. (L 134) 4, available at http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2007:134:0004:0041:EN:PDF.

10 Case C-188/07, Commune de Mesquer v. Total France SA, E.C.R. (June 24, 2008).

11 Id. ¶ 61.

The Court of Justice of the European Union: Air Transport Association of America (Ata) et al. v. Secretary of State for Energy & Climate Change: Air Transp. Ass’n. of AM. v. Sec’y of State for Energy & Climate Change

  • Uwe M. Erling (a1)

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