The pathology of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus from Spodoptera littoralis against Kalotermes flavicollis was confirmed under light microscope. Sections of infected termites showed a comprehensive viral infection. Nuclei of cells of the foregut, cardiac valve, pyloric valve, hindgut, gut musculature, fat body, nerve tissue, muscle, oviduct, pedicel of he ovariole, calyx, accessory glands, wing buds in termite reproductive nymphs, and to a lesser degree, the tracheal matrix, malpighian tubules and hypodermis, were susceptible to the virus. Infection to midgut was generally limited. However, when the termites were heavily infected, the midgut epithelial cells sloughed off into the lumen, and became hypertrophied and granular.