Literature on the distribution, biology, seasonal population fluctuations, economic importance, acaricidal susceptibility and measures for the control of the cattle ticks Boophilus microplus Canst., Amblyomma cajennense Fab., A. variegatum. Fab. in the Caribbean has been critically reviewed. The ticks, which inflict about $62 million annual loss on the region's livestock industry, are still susceptible to acaricides, despite a few populations of B. microplus showing 31- to 227-fold resistance to lindane and 15- to 67-fold resistance to carbaryl, chlorfenvinphos, dimethoate and crotoxyphos.
The screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax Coq. is widespread, except in Puerto Rico and Curacao, from where it has been eradicated. The annual cost of surveillance against the fly and treatment of cattle for myiasis is estimated to be about $59 million. Its eradication from the entire Caribbean region by insect sterile method is advocated.