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Status and control of Chilo spp. on cereal crops in Southern Asia

  • Fanindra P. Neupane (a1)

Abstract

In southern Asia, Chilo auricilius Dudgeon, Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe), Chilo polychrysus (Meyrick), Chilo suppressalis (Walker), Chilo suppressalis simplex (Butler), Chilo sacchariphagus indicus (Kapur), Chilo supermain and Chilo tumidicostalis Hampson are recorded as pests of cereal crops. Chilo partellus causes severe losses in maize, sorghum and rice; Chilo suppressalis, Chilo polychrysus and Chilo supermain are major pests of rice; Chilo auricilius causes damage on both rice and sugar-cane; and Chilo infuscatellus and Chilo sacchariphagus indicus are serious pests of sugar-cane. Chilo suppressalis simplex and Chilo tumidicostalis are minor pests of maize and sugar-cane, respectively. Some of these pyralid borers are minor pests of other cereal crops. The life and seasonal histories of these stem borers and various control measures against them practised in various countries of southern Asia are discussed. The natural enemies of various Chilo species in this region are also listed.

En Asie du Sud, le Chilo auricilius Dudgeon, le Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, le Chilo partellus (Swinhoe), le Chilo polychrysus (Meyrick), le Chilo suppressalis (Walker), le Chilo suppressalis simplex (Butler), le Chilo sacchariphagus indicus (Kapur), le Chilo supermain et le Chilo tumidicostalis Hampson sont les principaiement ennemis les plus redoutés des plantes céréalières.

Le Chilo partellus cause des pertes très sérieuses sur le maïs, le sorgho et le riz; tandis que le Chilo suppressalis, le Chilo polychrysus et le Chilo supermain sont les principaux ennemis du riz. Quant au Chilo auricilius, il fait de sérieux ravages aussi bien sur le riz et sur la canne à sucre; de même la Chilo infuscatellus et le Chilo sacchariphagus indicus sont de véritables grands destructeurs de la canne à sucre. Tandis que le Chilo suppressalis simplex et le Chilo tumidicostalis représentant un danger mineur aussi bien sur le mais que sur le canne à sucre.

Certains de ces pyralides rongeuses ne présentent qu'un danger négligeable sur certaines autres céréales. Les données sur le cycle de vie et les comportements saisonniers de ces grands rongeurs des tiges, ainsi que les différentes mesures de lutte adoptées à leur égard dans de nombreux pays a d'Asie australe sont actuellement contestées. On a également dressé une liste des ennemis naturels des différentes espèces du Chilo.

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References

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