Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effects of covering highland banana stumps with soil on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) oviposition

  • M. Masanza (a1), C.S. Gold (a1), A. van Huis (a2) and P.E. Ragama (a1)

Abstract

The effect of covering post-harvest banana stumps with soil on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) oviposition levels was investigated at three locations, Sendusu, Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and Ntungamo district of southwestern Uganda. In the first experiment oviposition levels were assessed in a banana system comprising growing plants and residues. Oviposition increased on sword suckers, reaching a peak 1–7 days after harvest and decreased thereafter. In the second experiment conducted on farmers' fields, corms received 70% of the eggs and pseudostems 30%. The area 5–10 cm below the collar received 27% of the eggs, the area 0–5 cm above the collar 30% and the area 5–10 cm above the collar 0.3%. The remaining eggs (43%) were laid 0–5 cm below the collar. The effect of stump height and covering the stumps was evaluated in both the wet and the dry seasons at Kawanda and Ntungamo. Cutting stumps to the ground level alone had no effect on oviposition. Covering post-harvest banana stumps reduced C. sordidus oviposition in the wet but not in the dry season.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Abera, A. K. M. (1997) Oviposition preferences and timing of attack by the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) in east African highland banana ( Musa spp.) MSc thesis Unpubl. Makerere University. Kampala, Uganda. 128 pp.
Budenberg, W. J., Ndiege, I. O. and Karago, W. F. (1993) Evidence for volatile male-produced pheromone in banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19, 19051916
Cuille, J. (1950) Recherches sur le charançon du bananier Cosmopolites sordidus Germar pp. 1099–1114. Institut des Fruits et Agrumes Coloniaux. Serie Technique 4 225 Paris Societe d'editions techniques coloniale, paris 225 pp.
Cuille, J. and Viladebo, A. (1963) Les calandrini nuisibles au bananiers, pp. 1099–1114. In Entomologie Appliquee a la agriculture. (Edited by Balachovsky, A. S.). Masson et Cie Ed. Paris.
Ghesquiere, M. J. (1925) La maladie de bananier au Congo Belge Bulletin Agriculture de Congo Belge No. 3–4 556560
Gold, C. S. & Bagabe, M. I. (1997) Banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar (Coleoptera:Curculionidae), infestations of cooking-and beer-bananas in adjacent plantations in Uganda. African Entomology 5, 103108
Gold, C. S., Karamura, E. B., Kiggundu, A., Bagamba, F. and Abera, A. (1999a) Geographic shifts in the highland cooking banana (Musa spp., group AAA-EA) production in Uganda. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 6, 4559
Gold, C. S., Rukazambuga, N. D. T. M., Karamura, E. B., Nemeye, P. and Night, G. (1999b) pp. 3550. In Recent advances in banana weevil biology, population dynamics and pest status with emphasis to East Africa Proceedings of a workshop on banana IPM held in Nelspruit, South Africa 23–28 November 1998 (Edited by Frison, E. A., Gold, C. S., Karamura, E. B. and Sikora, R. A.). INIBAP, Montpellier, France.
Gold, C. S., Pena, J. E., Karamura, E. B. (2001) Biology and integrated pest management for the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6, 79155
Ittyeipe, K. (1986) Studies on the host preference of the banana weevil borer Cosmopolites sordidus Germ. (Coleoptera-Curculionidae). Fruits 41, 375379
Karamura, E. B. & Gold, C. S. (2000) The elusive banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus Germar. Acta Hortculturae 540, 471485
Koppenhoffer, A. M. (1993) Observations on egg-laying behaviour of the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 68, 187192
Masanza, M., Gold, C. S., van Huis, A., Ragama, P. E. & Okech, S. H. O. (2004) Effect of sanitation on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) population and crop damage in farmers' fields in Uganda Crop Protection in press
Roth, L. and Willis, E. (1963) The humidity behaviour of Cosmopolites sordidus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 56, 4142
Rukazambuga, N. D. T. M., Gold, C. S. and Gowen, S. R. (1998) Yield loss in East African highland banana ( Musa spp., AAA-EA group) caused by the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar. Crop Protection 7, 581589
SAS Institute (1997) SAS Institute Inc., SAS/STAT Users' Guide Version 6, Fourth Edition SAS Inc., Cary, NC, USA. 1162 pp.
Seshu Reddy, K. V., Prasad, J. S. & Sikora, R. A. (1998) Biointensive management of crop borers of banana, pp. 261–287. In Tropical Entomology Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Tropical Entomology. 30 Oct.–4 Nov. 1994, Nairobi, Kenya (Edited by Saini, S. K.). ICIPE Science Press, Nairobi, Kenya.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Effects of covering highland banana stumps with soil on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) oviposition

  • M. Masanza (a1), C.S. Gold (a1), A. van Huis (a2) and P.E. Ragama (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.