Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The biology and colonization of some kenyan phlebotomine sandfly species (Diptera, Psychodidae)

  • M.J. Mutinga (a1), C. C. Kamau (a1), J. B. Kaddu (a1), F. M. Kyai (a1), D. M. Omogo (a1), J. Mwandandu (a1) and J. Ndambuki (a1)...

Abstract

Adults of various phlebotomine sandfly species were obtained from leishmaniases endemic foci in Kenya using several trapping methods. Ten species were successfully reared from egg to adult in the laboratory; and large colonies of Sergentomyia schwetzi, S. bedfordi, S. ingrami, S. antennatus, S. adleri, S. garnhami, Phlebotomus duboscqi and P. martini established. Generally, the development of Phlebotomus spp. from egg to adult took longer (54.7–57.2 days) than Sergentomyia spp. whose developmental time with the exception of S. garnhami, varied between 36.5–42.3 days.

Plusieurs techniques de capture ont été utilisées dans des foyers endémique de leishmaniose au Kenya pour collecter des phlebotomes adultes de differentes espèces. Dix espèces de Phlebotomes ont été élévées au laboratoire d'une manière satisfaisante à partir des oeufs jusqu'aux adultes. Des ces espèces, des colonies de Sergentomyia schewtzi, S. bedfordi, S. ingrami, S. antennatus, S. adleri, S. garnhami, Phlebotomus duboscqi and P. martini ont été établies. Généralement, des espèces du genre Phlebotomus prennent longtemps pour se développer de l'oeuf à l'adulte (54.7–57.2 jours) tandis que ceux du genre Sergentomyia à l'exception de S. garnhami ont un temps de developpement qui varie entre 36.5–42.3 jours.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Beach, R., Mutinga, M. J., Young, D. G. and Kaddu, J. B. (1982) Laboratory colonization of Phlebotomus martini, Parrot, 1936 (Diptera: Psychodidae), a vector of leishmaniasis in Kenya. Proc. 3rd KEMRI/KETRI Sci. Conf. Nairobi, Kenya. pp. 189190.
Beach, R., Young, D. G. and Mutinga, M. J. (1983) New phlebotomine sandfly colonies: Rearing Phlebotomus martini, Sergentomyia schwetzi, and Sergentomyia africana (Diptera:Psychodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 20, 579584.
Chaniotis, B. N. (1975) A new method for rearing Lutzomyia trapidoi (Diptera: Psychodidae), with observations on its development and behavior in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 12, 183188.
Christensen, H. A. (1972) Colonization of Lutzomyia trinidadensis and L. vespertilionis (Diptera: Psychodidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65, 683686.
Foster, W. A., Tesfa-Yohannes, R.M. and Tacle, Tesfai (1970) Studies on leishmaniasis in Ethiopia. II. Laboratory culture and biology of Phlebotomus longipes (Diptera: Psychodidae). Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 64, 403409.
Grassi, B. (1907) Ricerche sui Flebotomi. Mem. Soc. Ital. Sci. Ser. 14, 353594.
Johnson, P. T. and Hertig, M. (1961) The rearing of Phlebotomus sandflies II. Development and behaviour of Panamanian sandflies in laboratory culture. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 54, 764776.
Kaddu, J. B., Mutinga, M. J. and Nyamori, M. P. (1986) Artificial feeding and attempt to infect six species of laboratory reared sandflies with Leishmania donovani. Insect Sci. Applic. 7, 207212.
Kapur, R. V. and Mutinga, M. J. (1981) Studies of the biology and behaviour of Phlebotomus martini (Diptera: Phlebotomidae) from Kibauni, Machakos District, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 2, 251252.
Killick-Kendrick, R. (1978) Recent advances and outstanding problems in the biology of phlebotomine sandflies. Acta Trop. 35, 297313.
Killick-Kendrick, R., Leaney, A. J., and Ready, P.D. (1977) The establishment, maintenance and productivity of a laboratory colony of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae). J.Med. Entomol. 13, 429440.
Modi, G. B. and Tesh, R. B. (1983) A simple technique for mass rearing Lutzomyia longipalpis and Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera:Psychodidae) in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 20, 568569.
Mutinga, M.J. (1971) Phlebotomus longipes, a vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kenya. (Correspondence). Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 65, 106.
Mutinga, M. J. (1972) Cutaneous leishmaniasis and its transmission factors in Kenya. Ph.D thesis, University of Nairobi.
Mutinga, M. J. and Kaddu, J. B. (1983) Studies on vector of Leishmania major in Kenya. Proc. 58th Ann. Meeting Am. Soc. Parasit. San Antonio, Texas, USA (p. 57).
Mutinga, M. J. and Kamau, C. C. (1986) Investigations of the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Kenya II: The breeding sites of phlebotomine sandflies in Marigat, Baringo District, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 7, 3744.
Mutinga, M. J., Kyai, F.M., Kamau, C. C. and Omogo, D. M. (1986) Epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Kenya—III. Host preference studies using various types of animal baits at animal burrows in Marigat, Baringo District. Insect Sci. Applic. 9, 191198.
Mutinga, M. J., Kamau, C. C. and Mwandandu, J. (1987) Laboratory investigations on the survival and fecundity of Phlebotomus duboscqi (Diptera: Psychodidae), a vector of Leishmania major in Kenya. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 38, 8688.
Mutinga, M. J. and Odhiambo, T. R. (1982) Studies on infection rates of human-baited anthropophilic sandflies in Machakos District, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 4, 237240.
Mutinga, M. J. and Odhiambo, T. R. (1986) Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kenya III: The breeding and resting sites of P. pedifer (Diptera: Phlebotomine) in Mt. Elgon focus, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 7, 175180.
Ready, P.D. and Croset, H. (1977) Rearing methods for two sandfly species (Diptera:Phlebotomidae) from the ‘midi’ France. Trans. R. soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 71, 384.
Unsworth, K. and Gordon, R.M. (1946) The maintenance of Phlebotomus papatasi in Great Britain. Ann. Trop. Med. Hyg. 40, 218227.
Ward, R.D. (1977) Colonization of Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (Diptera:Psychodidae), a vector of Leishmania mexicana amazonensis in Brazil. J. Med. Entomol. 14, 469476.
Whittingham, H. E. and Rook, A. F. (1923) The life history of Phlebotomus papatasi. Proc. Rev. Soc. Med. 16, 305309.
Wijers, D. J. B. and Minter, D. M. (1962) Studies on the vector of kala-azar in Kenya I:Entomological evidence. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 56, 462472.
Young, D. G., Perkins, P.V. and Endris, R.V. (1981) A larval diet for rearing phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 18, 446.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The biology and colonization of some kenyan phlebotomine sandfly species (Diptera, Psychodidae)

  • M.J. Mutinga (a1), C. C. Kamau (a1), J. B. Kaddu (a1), F. M. Kyai (a1), D. M. Omogo (a1), J. Mwandandu (a1) and J. Ndambuki (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.