Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-swqlm Total loading time: 0.218 Render date: 2021-11-30T14:41:52.437Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Evaluation of companion crops for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) management on French bean Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 February 2007

J. Kasina*
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
J. Nderitu*
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
G. Nyamasyo
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
F. Olubayo
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
C. Waturu
Affiliation:
National Fibre Research Centre, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, PO Box 298, Kerugoya, Kenya
E. Obudho
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
D. Yobera*
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract

Six companion crops, i.e. Tagetes erecta, Daucus carota L., Coriandrum sativum L., Brassica oleraceae L. var. acephala, Capsicum annuum L. and Zea mays L., were evaluated for their efficacy in suppressing field populations of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) and Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom on French bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. Each companion crop was interplanted with French beans in a 3×10 m plot and replicated three times in a completely randomized block design. The thrips populations on French bean flowers in experimental plots were compared with those on beans treated with two insecticides: L-cyhalothrin (Karate 1.75% EC) and methiocarb (Mesurol 500 SC) or untreated (control). Coriandrum sativum, Z. mays and T. erecta are recommended as companion crops for intercropping with French beans to reduce populations of thrips and hence minimize the use of chemical insecticides on this crop.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 2006

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Ampong-Nyarko, K., Reddy, K. V. S., Nyang'or, R. A. and Saxena, K. N. (1994) Reduction of insect pest attack on sorghum and cowpea by intercropping. Entomologia Experimentails et Applicata 70, 179184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anyango, J. J., Ochiel, G. R. S., Alembi, D. K., Pete, S. O. K. and Kimutai, D. C. (1989) Survey, identification and control of French bean pests with major emphasis on bean thrips in Kenya. National Agricultural Research Laboratories Annual Report pp. 109113. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya.Google Scholar
Capinera, J. C., Weissling, T. J. and Schweizer, E. E. (1985) Compatibility of intercropping with mechanized agriculture: Effects of strip intercropping of Pinto beans and sweet corn on insect abundance in Colorado. Journal of Economic Entomology 78, 354357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Devalash, R. K. and Sungha, S. K. (1997) Management of downy mildew ( Peronospora destructor) of onion ( Allium cepa ). Crop Protection 16, 6367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Emeasor, K. C. and Ezueh, M. I. (1997) The influence of companion crops in the control of insect pests of cowpea in intercropping systems. Tropical Agriculture 74, 285289.Google Scholar
Herron, G. A., Rophail, J. and Gullick, G. C. (1996) Laboratory based insecticide efficacy studies on field-collected Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and implications for its management in Australia. Australian Journal of Entomology 35, 1164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kyamanywa, S. and Ampofo, J. K. O. (1988) Effect of cowpea/maize mixed cropping on the incident light at the cowpea canopy and flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) population density. Crop Protection 7, 5689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kyamanywa, S., Baliddawa, C. W. and Omolo, E. (1993) Influence of cowpea/maize mixture on generalist predators and their effect on the population density of the legume flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Insect Science and Its Application 14, 493499.Google Scholar
Kyamanywa, S. and Kuo, C. G. (1996) Damage-yield relationship of common beans infested by the bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti). International Symposium on Topoviruses and Thrips of Floral and Vegetable Crops Taichung, Taiwan Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute 7–10 November 1995. Acta Horticulture No. 431, pp. 542545. .Google Scholar
Mensah, G. W. K. (1997) Integrated pest management in cowpea through intercropping and minimal insecticide application. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 5, 114.Google Scholar
Nderitu, J. H., Anyango, J. J., Ampofo, J. K. O. (1997) A survey on insect pests and farmers' control measures on snap beans in Kirinyaga district, Kenya 16 CIAT, African Occasional Publications Series No. 23.Google Scholar
Nderitu, J. H., Waturu, C. N., Olubayo, F., Aura, J. and Kasina, J. (2001) Survey of the pests and control strategies of major pests of French beans. In Proceedings of the First Horticultural Seminar on Sustainable Horticultural Productions in the Tropics (edited by Wesonga, J., Losenge, T., Ndung'u, C., Ngamau, K., Ombwara, F., and Angong, S.). 3–6 October 2001, pp. 118122. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Juja, Kenya.Google Scholar
Rodriguez-Kabana, R. and Canullo, G. H. (1992) Cropping systems for management of phytonematodes. Phytoparasitica 20, 211224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Root, R. B. (1973) Organization of a plant–arthropod association in simple and diverse habitats: The fauna of collards ( Brassica oleraceae ). Ecological Monographs 43, 93124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vandermeer, J. (1989) The Ecology of Intercropping. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 237 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Evaluation of companion crops for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) management on French bean Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae)
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Evaluation of companion crops for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) management on French bean Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae)
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Evaluation of companion crops for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) management on French bean Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *