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Control of the coconut pest Oryctes rhinoceros L. using the Oryctes virus

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2011

Murali Gopal*
Affiliation:
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Regional Station, Kayangulam, Krishnapuram 690533, Kerala, India
Alka Gupta
Affiliation:
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Regional Station, Kayangulam, Krishnapuram 690533, Kerala, India
B. Sathiamma
Affiliation:
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Regional Station, Kayangulam, Krishnapuram 690533, Kerala, India
C. P. Radhakrishnan Nair
Affiliation:
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Regional Station, Kayangulam, Krishnapuram 690533, Kerala, India
*
Corresponding author: MG. E-mail: murali_g67@usa.netorcpcrikgm@vsnl.com
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Abstract

The coconut palm is an important plantation crop in India, where it is cultivated on 1.796 million hectares. The rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is a serious pest of coconut throughout India and southeast Asia, causing an estimated 10% yield loss in the crop. Successful biological control of this pest could be achieved using the non-occluded Oryctes virus (syn. Baculovirus oryctes or Oryctes baculovirus). This review provides an account of this microbial agent, its biology, effects and impact, production and maintenance and alternative hosts, particularly in the context of the Indian situation. It also proposes future areas for investigation on the virus, in order to achieve its commercial viability and more widespread use.

Résumé

Le palmier cocotier est une importante culture de plantation en Inde, où il est cultivé sur 1,796 millions d'hectares. Le scarabée rhinocéros, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) est un sérieux ravageur du cocotier en Inde et en Asie du Sud Est, responsable de pertes de récolte estimées à 10%. Un contrôle biologique efficace de ce ravageur pourrait être obtenu en utilisant le virion non inclus du virus d'Oryctes (syn. Baculovirus oryctes ou baculovirus de l'Oryctes). Cette revue bibliographique fait le point sur cet agent microbien, sa biologie, son efficacité et son impact, sa production et sa maintenance ainsi que sur ses hôtes alternatifs, en particulier dans le contexte de l'Inde. Elle propose également de futurs domaines de recherches sur ce virus, afin d'aboutir à sa viabilité commerciale et à une plus grande utilisation.

Type
Review Article
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 2001

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