Some casual readers might be put off by the title of Robert Olson's latest offering, which sounds like the title of a Ph.D. dissertation. They will be badly mistaken if they do judge this book by its title and fail to take a closer look, for it is a treasure trove of data and ideas on the regional relations of one of the Middle East's and Europe's key actors. This book, a sequel of sorts to Olson's The Kurdish Question, is fundamentally a foreign-policy book offering an analysis, and interpretation, of Turkey's relations with four of its neighbors since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The book is likely to join the rank of other recent, high-quality publications on modern Turkey: Heinz Kramer's A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (2000), Morton Abramowitz's Turkey's Transformation and American Policy (2000), and Dietrich Jung and Wolfango Piccoli's, Turkey at the Crossroads: Ottoman Legacies and a Greater Middle East (2001), to name but three. What distinguishes Olson's book from these is that, although the reader is treated to a general but nevertheless insightful survey of Turkey's foreign relations, the focus of the study makes a persuasive case for spending time on two or more aspects of a country's foreign relations as a means of shedding light on the broader picture. Olson, relying on his deep knowledge and experience of the Kurdish issue and that of political Islam, turns these into nodes for a better appreciation of Ankara's relations with Iran, Syria, Israel, and Russia.