Skip to main content Accessibility help

Waveform diversity for SAR ECCM based on random phase and code rate transition

  • Kee-Woong Lee (a1) and Woo-Kyung Lee (a1)


In this paper, we propose an effective waveform diversity scheme that can be applicable to synthetic aperture radar (SAR) operations affected by interfering signals. A novel approach is taken to achieve fully adaptive SAR waveform diversity that generates sufficient number of orthogonal signals with modest performance trade-off. To this purpose, multiple phased-code waveforms are arbitrarily generated with mutually low cross-correlations. They exhibit a highly flexible characteristic as their code lengths are not limited and Doppler tolerance is well preserved throughout SAR imaging. Various SAR jamming simulations are carried out to demonstrate that the proposed waveform diversity has a good potential for electronic counter-countermeasures applications.


Corresponding author

Corresponding author: W.-K. Lee Email:


Hide All
[1] Dmitriy, S.G.; Ram, M.N.: ECCM capabilities of an ultrawideband bandlimited random noise imaging radar. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., 38 (4) (2002), 12431255.
[2] Zhao, B.; Zhou, F.; Tao, M.; Zhang, Z.; Bao, Z.: Improved method for synthetic aperture radar scattered wave deception jamming. IET Radar Sonar Nav., 8 (8) (2014), 971976.
[3] Zhou, F.; Zhao, B.; Tao, M.; Bai, X.; Chen, B.; Sun, G.: A large scene deceptive jamming method for space-borne SAR. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 51 (8) (2013), 44864495.
[4] Luc, K.; Jansen, R.W.; Kersten, P.R.; Fiedler, R.L.: A novel method for removal of emitter noise in SAR images. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 4 (2) (2007), 265268.
[5] Jabaran, A.: Orthogonal block coded ECCM schemes against repeat radar jammers. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., 45 (3) (2009), 12181226.
[6] Soumekh, M.: SAR-ECCM using phase-perturbed LFM chirp signals and DRFM repeat jammer penalization. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., 42 (1) (2006), 191205.
[7] Lu, G.; Lia, S.N.; Luo, S.C.; Tang, B.: Cancellation of complicated DRFM range false targets via temporal pulse diversity. Prog. Electromagn. Res. C, 16 (2010), 6984.
[8] Schuerger, J.; Garmatyuk, D.: Multifrequency OFDM SAR in presence of deception jamming. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Proc., 2010 (1) (2010), 451851.
[9] Kulpa, K.; Lukin, K.; Miceli, W.; Thayaparan, T.: Signal processing in noise radar technology [Editoral]. IET Radar Sonar Nav., 2 (2008), 229232.
[10] Wang, W.-Q.: MIMO SAR chirp waveform diversity design with random matrix modulation. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 53 (3) (2015), 16151625.
[11] Farhan, A.Q.; Adly, T.F.: Doppler tolerant and detection capable polyphase code set. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., 51 (2) (2015), 11231135.
[12] Uttam, K.M., Mark, R.B.; Muralidhar, R.: A novel approach for designing diversity radar waveform orthogonal on both transmit and receive, in IEEE Radar Conf., 2013, 16.
[13] Govoni, M.A.; Elwell, R.A.: Radar spectrum spreading using advanced pulse compression noise (APCN), in IEEE Radar Conf., 2014, 14711475.
[14] Govoni, M.A.; Elwell, R.A.: SAR image quality using advanced pulse compression noise (APCN), in SPIE Defense+ Security, International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2014, 90770K90770K.
[15] Govoni, M.A.; Li, H.: Range-Doppler resolution of the linear-FM noise radar waveform. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., 49 (1) (2013), 658663.
[16] Kreiger, G., Gebert, N.; Moreira, A.: Multidimensional waveform encoding: a new digital beamforming technique for synthetic aperture radar remote sensing. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46 (1) (2008), 3146.
[17] Wang, W.-Q.: MIMO SAR using chirp diverse waveform for wide-swath remote sensing. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., 48 (4) (2012), 31713185.
[18] Deng, H.: Polyphase code design for orthogonal netted radar systems. IEEE Trans. Signal Proc., 52 (11) (2004), 31263135.
[19] Ian, G.C.; Frank, H.W.: Digital Processing of Synthetic Aperture Radar Data, Artech House, Boston, 2005.
[20] Rebecca, S.H.; Mervin, C.B.: A study on SAR noise jamming and false target insertion, in IEEE SOUTHEASTCON, 2014, 18.
[21] Hong-xu, H.; Zhi-tao, H.; Yi-yu, Z.: Jamming research to SAR based on frequency characteristic, in International Conference on Signal Processing Systems (ICSPS), 2010, 114147.
[22] Zhang, H.; Tang, Y.; Wu, G.; Sun, L.: SAR deceptive jamming signal simulation, in Asian and pacific Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (APSAR), 2007, 59.



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed