Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A multimodal sensor system for runway debris detection

  • Helmut Essen (a1), Wolfgang Koch (a2), Sebastian Hantscher (a1), Rüdiger Zimmermann (a1), Paul Warok (a1), Martin Schröder (a1), Marek Schikora (a2) and Goert Luedtke (a2)...

Abstract

For foreign object detection on runways, highly sensitive radar sensors give the opportunity to detect even very small objects, metallic and non-metallic, also under adverse weather conditions. As it is desirable for airport applications to install only small but robust installations along the traffic areas, millimeter-wave radars offer the advantage of small antenna apertures and miniaturized system hardware. A 220-GHz radar was developed, which is capable to serve this application, if several of these are netted to cover the whole traffic area. Although under fortunate conditions the radar allows a classification or even an identification of the debris, the complete system design incorporates 3-D time-of-flight cameras for assistance in the identification process, which are also distributed along the traffic areas. The system approach further relies upon a change detection algorithm on the netted information to discriminate non-stationary alarms and reduce the false alarm ratio.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: H. Essen Email: helmut.essen@fhr.fraunhofer.de

References

Hide All
[1]Beasley, P.D.L.; Binns, G.; Hodges, R.D.; Badley, R.J.: Tarsier®, a millimetre wave radar for airport runway debris detection, in Radar Conf., 2004. EURAD. First European Radar Conf., Amsterdam, 2004, 261264.
[2]Patterson, J.: Foreign Object Debris (FOD) research. Int. Airport Rev., Vol. 2, 2008, 2227.
[3]Essen, H.; Luedtke, G.; Warok, P.; Koch, W.; Schikora, M.; Wild, K.: Millimeterwave radar network for foreign object detection, in 2nd Int. Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing (CIP), Elba, June 14–16, 2010.
[4]Ringbeck, T.: A 3D time of flight camera for object detection, in Optical 3-D Measurement Techniques, ETH Zurich, 9–12 July 2007.
[5]Essen, H.; Wahlen, A.; Sommer, R.; Konrad, G.; Schlechtweg, M.; Tessmann, A.: Very high bandwidthmillimetre-wave radar. Electron. Lett., 41 (22) (2005), 12471249.
[6]Tessmann, A., et al. : 220 GHz low-noise amplifier modules for radiometric imaging applications, in Proc. 1st European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conf., September 2006, 137140.
[7]Ringbeck, T.; Schaller, C.; Profittlich, M.: Kameras für die dritte Dimension. Opt. Photonik, Vol. 3, 2009, 3033 (in German language).
[8]Ringbeck, T.; Hagebeuker, B.: Dreidimensionale Objekterfassung in Echtzeit. AVN, Vol. 114 (7), 2007, 78 (in German language).
[9]Fatihi, N.; Hantscher, S.; Rubart, J.; Krebs, C.; Nüßler, D.; Essen, H.: Imaging permittivity measurements for automated material inspection, in Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp., March 2011.
[10]Harris, C.; Stephens, M.: A combined corner and edge detector, in Proc. of the 4th Alvey Vision Conf., 1998, 147151.
[11]Lowe, D.G.: Distinctive image features from scale-invariant keypoints. Int. J. Comput. Vis., 60 (2) (2004), 91110.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed