Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Design of non-uniform concentric circular antenna arrays with optimal sidelobe level reduction using biogeography-based optimization

  • Nihad Dib (a1) and Ashraf Sharaqa (a2)

Abstract

This paper presents the design of non-uniform concentric circular antenna arrays (CCAAs) of isotropic radiators with optimum sidelobe level (SLL) reduction. The biogeography-based optimization (BBO) method is used to determine an optimum set of excitation amplitudes that provide a radiation pattern with optimum SLL reduction with the constraint of a fixed major lobe beamwidth. The BBO method represents a new global evolutionary algorithm for optimization problems in electromagnetics. It is shown that the BBO results provide an SLL reduction that is comparable to that obtained using well-known algorithms, such as the particle swarm optimization (PSO), genetic algorithm (GA), and evolutionary programming (EP). Moreover, BBO results are compared with those obtained using the Matlab function Fmincon which uses a sequential quadratic programming (SQP) method. The comparison shows that the design of non-uniformly excited CCAAs using the SQP method provides a SLL reduction that is better than that obtained using global stochastic optimization methods, indicating that global optimization techniques might not really be needed in this problem.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: N. Dib Email: nihad@just.edu.jo

References

Hide All
[1]Balanis, C.A.: Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997.
[2]Mandal, D.; Chandra, A.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Side lobe reduction of a concentric circular antenna array using genetic algorithm. Serb. J. Electr. Eng., 7 (2) (2010), 141148.
[3]Mandal, D.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Optimal design of concentric circular antenna array using particle swarm optimization with constriction factor approach. Int. J. Comput. Appl., 1 (17) (2010), 9498.
[4]Mandal, D.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Application of evolutionary optimization techniques for finding the optimal set of concentric circular antenna array. Expert Syst. Appl., 38 (2011), 29422950.
[5]Mandal, D.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Radiation pattern optimization for concentric circular antenna array with central element feeding using craziness-based particle swarm optimization. Int. J. RF Microw. Comput. Aided Eng., 20 (2010), 577586.
[6]Mandal, D.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Design of concentric circular antenna array with central element feeding using particle swarm optimization with constriction factor and inertia weight approach and evolutionary programming technique. J. Infrared Milli. Terahz Waves, 31 (2010), 667680.
[7]Mandal, D.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Determination of the optimal design of three-ring concentric circular antenna array using evolutionary optimization techniques. Int. J. Recent Trends Eng., 2 (5) (2009), 110115.
[8]Mandal, D.; Ghoshal, S.; Bhattacharjee, A.: Novel particle swarm optimization based synthesis of concentric circular antenna array for broadside radiation. Swarm Evol. Memet. Comput. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci., 6466 (2010), 432439.
[9]Ghosh, P.; Das, S.: Synthesis of thinned planar concentric circular antenna arrays – a differential evolutionary approach. Prog. Electromagn. Res. B, 29 (2011), 6382.
[10]Chatterjee, A.; Mahanti, G.; Pathak, N.: Comparative performance of gravitational search algorithm and modified particle swarm optimization algorithm for synthesis of thinned scanned concentric ring array antenna. Prog. Electromagn. Res. B, 25 (2010), 331348.
[11]Haupt, R.L.: Optimized element spacing for low sidelobe concentric ring arrays. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 56 (1) (2008), 266268.
[12]Pal, S.; Basak, A.; Das, S.; Abraham, A.; Zelinka, I.: Concentric circular antenna array synthesis using a differential invasive weed optimization algorithm, in Int. Conf. Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition, Paris, 2010, 395–400.
[13]Sharaqa, A.; Dib, N.: Circular antenna array synthesis using firefly algorithm. Int. J. RF Microw. Comput. Aided Eng., 24 (2014), 139146.
[14]Yang, S.; Kiang, J.: Two-dimensional pattern synthesis of stacked concentric circular antenna arrays using bee colony algorithms. Prog. Electromagn. Res. B, 55 (2013), 151168.
[15]Dib, N.; Sharaqa, A.: Synthesis of thinned concentric circular antenna array using teaching-learning-based optimization. Int. J. RF Microw. Comput. Aided Eng., doi: 10.1002/mmce.20784.
[16]Simon, D.: Biogeography-based optimization. IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., 12 (6) (2008), 702713.
[17]Simon, D.; Ergezer, M.; Du, D.; Rarick, R.: Markov models for biogeography-based optimization. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. B, Cybern., 41 (1) (2011), 299306.
[18]Roy, P.; Ghoshal, S.; Thakur, S.: Biogeography based optimization for multi-constraint optimal power flow with emission and non-smooth cost function. Expert Syst. Appl., 37 (12) (2010), 82218228.
[19]Bhattacharya, A.; Chattopadhyay, P.: Hybrid differential evolution with biogeography based optimization for solution of economic load dispatch. IEEE Trans. Power Syst., 25 (4) (2010), 19551964.
[20]Bhattacharya, A.; Chattopadhyay, P.: Solution of optimal reactive power flow using biogeography-based optimization. Int. J. Energy Power Eng., 3 (4) (2010), 269277.
[21]Herbadji, O.; Slimani, L.; Bouktir, T.: Biogeography based optimization approach for solving optimal power flow problem. Int. J. Hybrid Inf. Technol., 6 (5) (2013), 183196.
[22]Singh, U.; Singla, H.; Kamal, T.: Design of Yagi–Uda antenna using biogeography based optimization. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 58 (10) (2010), 33753379.
[23]Lohokare, M.; Pattnaik, S.; Devi, S.; Panigrahi, B.; Bakwad, K.; Joshi, J.: Modified BBO and calculation of resonant frequency of circular microstrip antenna, in World Congress on Nature & Biologically Inspired Computing, Coimbatore, India, December 2009, 487–492.
[24]Lohokare, M.; Pattnaik, S.; Devi, S.; Panigrahi, B.; Bakwad, K.; Joshi, J.: Parameter calculation of rectangular microstrip antenna using biogeography-based optimization, in Applied Electromagnetics Conference, Coimbatore, India, December 2009.
[25]Singh, U.; Kumar, H.; Kamal, T.: Linear array synthesis using biogeography based optimization. Prog. Electromagn. Res. M, 11 (2010), 2536.
[26]Sharaqa, A.; Dib, N.: Design of linear and elliptical antenna arrays using biogeography based optimization. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. (AJSE), doi: 10.1007/s13369-013-0794-8.
[27]Sharaqa, A.; Dib, N.: Design of linear and circular antenna arrays using biogeography based optimization, in 2011 IEEE Jordan Conference on Applied Electrical Engineering and Computing Technologies (AEECT 2011), Amman, Jordan, December 2011.
[28]Sharaqa, A.; Dib, N.: On the optimal design of non-uniform concentric circular antenna arrays, in 2012 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Chicago, USA, July 2012.
[29]Dib, N.; Sharaqa, A.: On the optimal design of non-uniform circular antenna arrays. J. Appl. Electromagn., 14 (1) (2012), 4259.
[30]Singh, U.; Kamal, T.: Synthesis of thinned planar concentric circular antenna arrays using biogeography-based optimization. IET Microw. Antennas Propag., 6 (7) (2012), 822829.
[31]Dib, N.; Sharaqa, A.; Formato, R.: Variable Z0 applied to the optimal design of multi-stub matching network and a meander monopole. Int. J. Microw. Wirel. Technol., available on CJO2013. doi: 10.1017/S1759078713001049.
[33]Bucci, O.; D'Urso, M.; Isernia, T.: Some facts and challenges in array antenna synthesis problems. AUTOMATICA- J. Control Meas. Electron. Comput. Commun., 49 (2008), 1320.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Design of non-uniform concentric circular antenna arrays with optimal sidelobe level reduction using biogeography-based optimization

  • Nihad Dib (a1) and Ashraf Sharaqa (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.