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Information Literacy in a Fake/False News World: An Overview of the Characteristics of Fake News and its Historical Development

  • Carol A. Watson

Extract

Prior to designing strategies and information literacy programs to combat the dissemination and proliferation of fake/false news, it is instructive for legal information professionals to understand the characteristics of fake news and the context of its historical development.

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Copyright

Footnotes

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2

© Carol A. Watson 2018. The author is Director, Alexander Campbell King Law Library, University of Georgia School of Law, Athens, Georgia.

Footnotes

References

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6 Steven Seidenberg, Lies and Libel: Fake News Lacks Straightforward Cure, ABA Journal, July 2017, http://www.abajournal.com/magazine/article/fake_news_libel_law/history_fake_news.

7 Robinson Meyer, The Grim Conclusions of the Largest-Ever Study of Fake News, The Atlantic Daily, March 8, 2019, https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/03/largest-study-ever-fake-news-mit-twitter/555104/.

8 Craig Silverman, Here Are 50 of the Biggest Fake News Hits on Facebook From 2016, Buzzfeed, https://www.buzzfeed.com/craigsilverman/top-fake-news-of-2016.

11 Kendra Pierre-Louis, You're Probably Terrible at Spotting Faked Photos, Popular Science, July 18, 2018, https://www.popsci.com/fake-news-manipulated-photo.

12 Supra, note 1.

13 Eve MacDonald, The Fake News That Sealed the Fate of Antony and Cleopatra, The Conversation, http://theconversation.com/the-fake-news-that-sealed-the-fate-of-antony-and-cleopatra-71287.

14 Jacob Soll, The Long and Brutal History of Fake News, Politico Magazine, December 18, 2016, https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/12/fake-news-history-long-violent-214535.

15 Stephen Bowd and J. Donald Cullington, eds. “On Everyone's Lips”: Humanists, Jews, and the Tale of Simon of Trent, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies 418; Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance 36. Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2012.

16 George Schneider, The Fake News that Haunted George Washington, Washington Post, April 10, 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/04/10/the-fake-news-that-haunted-george-washington.

17 Supra, note 12.

18 DeBerry, John H., Birth of the Penny Press, Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013.

19 Bartholomew, Robert E. and Radford, Benjamin, The Martians Have Landed!: A History of Media-Driven Panics and Hoaxes, pp. 8486, McFarland, 2011.

20 Ochs, Adolph Simon. Britannica Biographies, 2012.

21 Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics, https://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp.

22 Campbell, W. Joseph, Getting It Wrong: Debunking the Greatest Myths in American Journalism, Chapter 2, Fright Beyond Measure: The Myth of the War of the Worlds, pp. 2643, University of California Press, 2017.

23 Ed Grabianowski, How Tabloids Work, How Stuff Works, https://entertainment.howstuffworks.com-/tabloid4.htm.

25 Three Challenges for the Web, According to its Inventor, World Wide Web Foundation, March 12, 2017, https://webfoundation.org/2017/03/web-turns-28-letter/.

This symposium article documents a presentation given by the author at the 2017 International Association of Law Libraries Annual Course, Civil Rights, Human Rights, and Other Critical Issues in US Law. The conference convened at Emory University from October 22–26, 2017. This article represents part one of a panel presentation on the topic of Fake News and Information Literacy.

2 © Carol A. Watson 2018. The author is Director, Alexander Campbell King Law Library, University of Georgia School of Law, Athens, Georgia.

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