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Instructions for contributors

IJAS publishes research on Asia – East, West, South, and everywhere in between – primarily in the social sciences and humanities. The Journal is interested in locating contemporary changes within a historical framework, especially using interdisciplinary approaches, and promotes comparative studies involving the various regions of Asia. While the journal will publish scholars from around the world, we encourage scholars undertaking research in Asian languages to submit their achievements in English. IJAS seeks original papers, translations into English of previously-published papers in Asian languages, and state-of-the-field articles that fall within its scope. Since the Journal is attempting to cross methodological boundaries, it will welcome papers that develop new methodologies within their general approach.

1. Submissions

Articles submitted for publication should be e-mailed as Microsoft Word file attachments to:

The Editors

At the time of submission, the author will be required to declare that the paper is unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. It is not acceptable practice to submit a paper to more than one academic journal at the same time. Prior to publication of a paper, the author will be asked to assign copyright to Cambridge University Press.

Contributors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any materials, including photographs and illustrations, for which they do not hold copyright, and for ensuring that the appropriate acknowledgements are included in the manuscript. Contributors may consult the editors on how to go about doing this.

All articles in the journal are double-blind peer-reviewed by two anonymous assessors. Please visit the Cambridge University Press Peer Review Hub for general information on how to peer review journal articles, a peer review FAQ, ethics in peer review, and more information.

IJAS is what is known as a "hybrid" journal, meaning that although the journal itself is available via subscription, individual articles can be published under an Open Access model. Authors who would like to publish their article via Open Access should fill out the Open Access Copyright Transfer Form posted on the IJAS website. Should your article be accepted, an Article Processing Charge (APC) will be collected during the production phase. For further information about Open Access at Cambridge University Press, please visit our Open Access page.

2. Proofs

Normally, typographical or factual errors only may be changed at proof stage. The publisher reserves the right to charge authors for other editing changes.

3. Offprints

No paper offprints are provided, but the corresponding author will be sent the PDF of the published article. Paper offprints may be ordered at extra cost at proof stage.

4. Manuscript preparation

Articles must be in English and in principle between 9,000 and 12,000 words in length, including footnotes, to be submitted by e-mail attachment as a Word file. The title of the manuscript, author's name, institutional affiliation, address, email address, an abstract of up to 200 words, and a list of approximately five to eight key words should appear at the top of the file. Submissions, or enquiries about prospective submissions, may be sent to the Editors via ijas[at]

All submissions should be made in English, although exceptions may be made in certain circumstances after consultation with the editors. Any non-English manuscript must be translated or rewritten into English before final acceptance.

Submitted articles are sent out to at least two anonymous reviewers for evaluation. The IJAS editors will delete the author's name from the head of the file, but authors should ensure that they cannot be identified in other ways – for example, in the Microsoft word "File Properties", or citations of the author's own work.

The article title should be given in capitals at the top of the file, with the author's name, institutional affiliation, and e-mail address in lower case beneath.

The abstract (maximum 200 words) should be included before the main text, in italics, single spaced; please do not put this in a separate file. Bear in mind that the abstract will be freely available for viewing online, and that readers will often decide whether or not to download the article on the basis of what they see in the abstract. The abstract should reflect the article contents as clearly and concisely as possible.

The key words (normally five to eight) should be included below the abstract. These should be subject terms that you think people interested in the topic might search for on the Internet.

The main text should be double spaced, aligned left. Please do not use the automatic hyphenation feature in Word. Times New Roman should normally be used as the default font for Western-language text. If available, use the SimSun font for Chinese characters and the Mincho font for Japanese; if you have used other fonts please inform the editors at the time of submission. If you are a Mac user, please use fonts and symbols categorized as "Windows Office Compatible" where possible, and inform the editors if you have inserted any fonts or characters which you think may not be available in Windows. If you use characters with diacritics (e.g. Vietnamese, or transcriptions from Arabic or Sanskrit) please provide a PDF version of the file so that we can check that all fonts are displaying correctly.

Headings within the article should be unnumbered, with the first level of headings in capitals, second level in bold lower case (with the first letter of the first word and important words capitalized), and the third level in lower case italics (first letter of the first word capitalized). Format headings individually, rather than applying Word styles.

For quotations, double quotation marks should normally be used, with single quotation marks for quotations within quotations, though single quotes may also be used for glosses and definitions if desired (e.g. dao 道, 'Way'). Quotations of more than 50 words should be broken off from the text without quotation marks, one blank line inserted above and below, left-indented 1 cm.

Footnotes should be inserted using the Word footnote (not endnote) function, consecutively numbered from beginning to end. Any acknowledgements should be placed in a separate paragraph after the end of the main text, before the list of references, marked "Acknowledgements"; this will be typeset as an unnumbered footnote at the bottom of the first page.

All tables, graphs, figures and illustrations should be submitted as separate, clearly identified files. A descriptive heading, with a citation of the source and text placement advice, should be inserted inside the main text of the article after the paragraph in which the item is first referred to; the item will normally be typeset at the top of the next page. If at all possible, create tables and graphs in Excel, so that they can be edited and reformatted before typesetting. Illustrations submitted as graphics files must be at a resolution of 300 dpi or more.

Charges apply for all colour figures that appear in the print version of the journal. At the time of submission, contributors should clearly state whether their figures should appear in colour in the online version only, or whether they should appear in colour online and in the print version. There is no charge for including colour figures in the online version of the Journal but it must be clear that colour is needed to enhance the meaning of the figure, rather than simply being for aesthetic purposes. If you request colour figures in the printed version, you will be contacted by CCC-Rightslink who are acting on our behalf to collect Author Charges. Please follow their instructions in order to avoid any delay in the publication of your article.

5. Style guidelines

Articles may be submitted using either British or American spelling and conventional punctuation. Consistency within the document should be maintained.

Words or phrases in languages other than English should be italicized, except for proper names and words which have been assimilated into English. Chinese characters (also in Japanese and Korean) should be supplied in the text after the transcription, at first mention only. A name or term which first appears in a footnote should also be provided with characters the first time it appears in the main text. Characters should also be provided for all author names and titles in the References list. Character forms (traditional, Chinese simplified, Japanese simplified) should normally follow the source texts or accord with the time and place of the subject matter (e.g. Zhongguo Renmin Yinhang 中国人民银行, Ming shilu 明實錄), though jōyō kanji may also be used for pre-modern Japanese-language items if desired, in line with Japanese academic usage. Non-Roman phonetic scripts (such as hangul, kana, Arabic, Sanskrit) are not used (except when they are an integral part of text strings in Japanese or Korean which include characters, or are otherwise necessary for explanatory purposes).

Romanization of Chinese should follow the Pinyin system (without tone marks, unless the tone is necessary for explanatory purposes), Japanese the Hepburn system, and Korean the McCune-Reischauer system. Where the convention is to use other spellings for certain names in English, this should be followed (e.g. "Chiang Kai-Shek", "Yoshio Markino"). Direct quotes and bibliographical citations should follow the romanization system of the original.

Diacritics should be provided for any language or transcription system which requires them (e.g. Vietnamese, or transcriptions of Arabic and Sanskrit), except in cases where academic publications in the relevant subject area do not normally use them (e.g. proper names and other terms well known in English). If at all possible, use standard Unicode characters in Word for characters with diacritics, to ensure that they are transmitted correctly electronically. Some characters (such as ḥ, ṃ or ṭ) may not display in Times New Roman on older systems. Non-Unicode fonts which map characters onto other unused ASCII fonts should not be used unless absolutely necessary; in such cases the diacritic character will not display on our systems. Consult with the editors if in doubt, and be prepared to supply either a PDF file, or a scan of a paper printout, with the diacritics clearly displayed.

Dates should be simplified to a day-month-year format: 15 May 1965 (UK English) or May 15, 1965 (USA English). Spans of dates should be given in full: 1869–1872 (not 1869–72). Dates based on traditional (non-Western) calendars should be set out with cardinal numbers: "2nd day of the 8th month 1196"; if many dates are mentioned within the article, the abbreviated format "1196.8.2" ( may also be used.

The numerals 1 to 99 should be spelled out, except for dates, percentages and where numbers are mentioned several times within a few lines of text. Spell out people's ages ("seventy-two" rather than "72") and centuries ("the nineteenth century" rather than "the 19th century").

In articles, state-of-the-field articles, and most review articles, brief bibliographic references should be given in footnotes, with the complete citation provided in a list with the heading REFERENCES (in capitals) located after the main text of the article. Citations should be given in footnotes (not in-text citations), and give only an abbreviated reference, normally the author's surname and year of publication, together with page numbers. Where an author has more than one publication in the same year, use letters ("a", "b" etc.) to distinguish them (Xiao 2009a, Xiao 2009b). In some cases (pre-modern texts, for example), it may be appropriate to cite a work by title, which may be abbreviated if desired.


Breman 1996, p. 25.
Shi ji, 16.456.

Use "ibid." to refer only to the immediately preceding reference or part of it. "Idem." and "op. cit." should not be used.

Acknowledgements should appear at the end of the manuscript and before the reference list, to be set as an unnumbered footnote at the bottom of the first page.

In the case of book reviews, or repeated references to the same work in articles, brief in-text citations may be used instead of footnotes, as long as the work cited is clearly identifiable. In the case of reviews, complete bibliographical data may be provided in a footnote the first time a work is cited, using the footnote citation format. A separate reference list is normally not necessary unless six or more items are referred to.

In articles, state-of-the-field articles, and most review articles, the reference list should include all the works cited, organized alphabetically according to the brief reference used in the notes, which should be given in a separate line above the main citation. In general, each element in a reference entry is set off by periods / full stops. List the author's surname first, with a comma after the surname for languages where the given name normally comes first (i.e. English), and without a comma for languages where surnames come first (such as Chinese, Japanese, or Korean). If references include items which are normally not cited (or cannot be cited) in standard bibliographic format (e.g. pre-modern primary sources, inscriptions, official or archival documents), these are better presented in a separate section under a lower-case subheading (e.g. "Primary sources" or "Official documents") within the REFERENCES listing, with the rest of the list in a section headed "Other sources" or "Secondary sources". Chinese and Japanese characters should be provided for all authors' names and for all titles (but not normally for publishers' names).



Breman 1996
Breman, Jan. Footloose Labour: Working in India's Informal Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

When the work is a translation, the following form should be used:

Maruyama 1974 Maruyama Masao. Studies in the Intellectual History of Tokugawa Japan, trans. Mikiso Hane. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1974.

For works cited from non-English languages, use the following format, providing Chinese or Japanese characters for the author and title where relevant. If the title is translated into English (this is at the discretion of the author) put this between parentheses and quotes:

Matsuoka 1936
Matsuoka Kōji 松岡孝児. Kinkawase honisei no kenkyū 金為替本位制の研究 ("A Study of the Gold Exchange Standard"). Tokyo: Nihon Hyōronsha, 1936.


Irwin 1966
Irwin, Richard. The Evolution of a Chinese Novel: Shui-hu-chuan. Harvard-Yenching Institute Studies X. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966.

Journal articles:

Brass 1980
Brass, Timothy. "Class Struggle and the Deproletarianisation of Agricultural Labour in Haryana (India)." The Journal of Peasant Studies 18:1 (1980), pp. 36–67.

Ueyama 1982
Ueyama Shunpei 上山春平. "Shu shi no Karei to Girei kyōden tōkai" 朱子の家礼と儀礼経典. Tōhō Gakuhō 54 (1982), pp. 173–256.

Articles in edited volumes:

(In one edited volume)

McMullen 1986
McMullen, David. "Bureaucrats and Cosmology: The Ritual Code of T'ang China." In Rituals of Royalty: Power and Ceremonial in Traditional Societies, eds. David Cannadine and Simon Price, pp. 181–236. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

(In a multivolume series)

Yanaihara 1963
Yanaihara Tadao 矢内原忠. "Teikokushugi ka no Indo" 帝国主義下の印度 ("India under Imperialism") in Yanaihara Tadao Zenshū dai 3-kan 矢内原忠雄全集 第3巻 ("The Compilation of Writings by Tadao Yahaihara Volume 3"), pp. 459–650. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1963.

Pre-modern primary sources:

Ming huidian
Ming huidian 明會典. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju, 1989.
Theses and dissertations:

Al-Wahabi 1988 Al-Wahabi, Najla. "The Hijab: Its Origin and Development from the Pre-Islamic Period to the End of The Umayyad Period." Ph.D. dissertation. University of London, 1988.

(Note: "Ph.D. thesis" may be used if following British usage).

For complete citations in footnotes (in book reviews) the following formats should be used the first time the work is cited:

Jan Breman, Footloose Labour: Working in India's Informal Economy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Ueyama Shunpei 上山春平, "Shu shi no Karei to Girei kyōden tōkai" 朱子の家礼と儀礼経典, Tōhō Gakuhō 54 (1982), pp. 173–256.

6. Author Services

Contributions written in English are welcomed from all countries. Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This is optional, but may help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the editor and any reviewers. Cambridge offers a service which authors can learn about here. Please note that the use of any of these services is voluntary, and at the author's own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge published journal.

Open Access Policies

Please visit our Open Access Policies page for more information on our open access policies, compliance with major finding bodies, and guidelines on depositing your manuscript in an institutional repository.

Publication Ethics

Please visit for information on our ethical guidelines.