The Sun is moving in respect to the nearby stars with a velocity of 20 km.s-1 in the direction of the Apex, α = 271° and δ = 30° (celestial coordinates). As the lights of a car illuminate the water droplets when driving in the fog, the Sun illuminates the Hydrogen and helium atoms of the interstellar medium which it travels through. As a result, the sun and the whole solar system are imbedded in a glow of the resonance lines of hydrogen (H Lyman α ; 121.6 nm) and helium (58.4 nm), which have been studied by several space instruments in the last 14 years.
From the intensity distribution of the glow in the solar system, one can derive the density of H and He in the L1SM and the direction of the relative motion between the sun and the LISM in the very vicinity of the sun. The velocity module Vw and the LISM temperature T are more adequately found from a measurement of the Lyman α line shape, which is an image of the velocity distribution of H atoms.
A summary of results will be presented, together with a discussion of the methods of interpretation and their difficulties. The vector is found to be 20 ± 1 km.s-1 in the direction α = 254 ± 3°, δ = - 17 ± 3°, quite different from the Apex direction. This means that the LISM is moving also in respect to the local frame of reference giving rise to the socalled Interstellar Wind. This wind blows in the galactic plane at 16 km.s-1, in the direction , significantly different from the direction found by interstellar absorption lines on stars within ≃ 100 pc, pointing to a local significance of this flow. The temperature of the LISM is T = 8,000 ± 1,000 K, the density n (H) ≃ 0.04 to 0.06 cm-3, and the helium density n (He) ≃ 0.015 to 0.020. The high helium/hydrogen ratio, in respect to the cosmological ratio, would imply that a substantial part of the hydrogen is ionized. Temperature, density and degree of ionization of the LISM are suggesting that the sun is now in an intermediate phase of the interstellar medium, at the Interface between a hot and tenuous gas, and a dense and cold cloud of gas.