NGC 7742 is well known for its prominent blue nuclear ring around an EO-like core, and so appears as a Hoag-type galaxy, an elliptical galaxy with an outer ring (Schweizer et al. 1987). The galaxy is classified as Sa(r!) in the Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog (Sandage and Tammann 1987) with an exclamation mark to emphasize the prominence of the ring. Its photographs are published in Laustsen et al. (1987), Wray (1988), and Sandage & Bedke (1994).
The ring has a diameter of 19″ = 1.6 kpc at a distance of 17.1 Mpc (Buta & Crocker 1993), and so should be a nuclear ring of the galaxy. Nuclear rings and pseudorings are often detected in strongly barred (SB) galaxies, and interpreted to be linked to the inner Lindblad resonance (Buta & Crocker 1993). These nuclear features are, however, also found in some weakly-barred (SAB) and non-barred (SA) galaxies. NGC 7742 is a galaxy of the highest circular symmetry in its core, ring, and main body, and so the best object for a detailed study of formation mechanisms of nuclear rings in non-barred galaxies.