Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Solar Rotation, Irradiance Changes and Climate

  • Elizabeth Nesme-Ribes (a1), Dmitry Sokoloff (a1) (a2) and Robert Sadourny (a3)

Abstract

Magnetic activity cycles for solar-type stars are believed to originate from non-uniform internal rotation. To determine this depthwise angular velocity distribution, helioseismology is a valuable source of information. Surface rotation, as traced by sunspot motion, is a well-observed parameter with data going back to the beginning of the telescopic era. This long sunspot series can be used in understanding the behaviour of the Sun’s surface rotation, the connection with its internal rotation, and thereby its magnetic activity. Apparent solar diameter is another important parameter. This is related to the structure of the convective envelope and how it reacts to the presence of magnetic fields. Both these parameters are related to the solar output, and can provide a surrogate for total solar irradiance, by way of a theoretical modeling of the response of the convective zone to the emergence of periodic magnetic fields. The impact of solar variability on the terrestrial climate is also addressed.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Solar Rotation, Irradiance Changes and Climate
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Solar Rotation, Irradiance Changes and Climate
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Solar Rotation, Irradiance Changes and Climate
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Brandenburg, A., Meinel, R., Moss, D. & Tuominen, I. 1990 Variation of even and odd parity in the solar dynamo. In Solar Photosphere: Structure, Convection and Magnetic Fields (ed. Stenflo, J.O.). pp. 379382. Kluwer. Dordrecht.
Brandenburg, A., Tuominen, I. & Moss, D. 1989 On the nonlinear stability of dynamo modes. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dynam. 49, 129141.
Cess, R.D., Potter, G.L., Blanchet, J.P., Boer, G.J., Del Genio, A.D., Déqué, M., Dymnikov, V., Galin, V., Gates, W.L., Ghan, S.J., Kiehl, J.T., Lacis, A.A., Le Treut, H., Liang, Z.-H., McAvaney, B.J., Meleshko, V.P., Mitchell, J.F.B., Morerette, J.-J., Randall, D.A., Rikus, L., Roeckner, E., Royer, J.F., Schlesse, U., Sheinin, D.A., Shingo, A., Sokolov, A.P., Taylor, K.E., Washington, W.M., Wetherald, R.T., Yagai, I. & Zhang, M.-H. 1990 Intercomparison and interpretation of climate feedback processes in nineteen atmospheric general circulation models. J. Geophys. Res. 95, 16650116615.
Harvey, K. 1992 The cyclic behaviour of solar activity. In The Solar Cycle (ed. Harvey, K.). pp. 335337. Astron. Soc. Pacif. San Francisco.
Held, I.M. & Hou, A.Y., 1980 Nonlinear axially symmetric circulations in a nearly inviscid atmosphere. J. Atmosp. Sci. 37, 515533.
Jennings, R.L. 1991 Symmetry breaking in stellar dynamos. Month. Not. R. astr. Soc. 252, 249260.
Leroy, J.L. & Noens, J.C. 1983 Does the solar activity extend over more than an 11-year period? Astron. Astrophys. 120, 12.
Le Treut, H. & Li, Z.X. 1991 Sensitivity of an atmospheric general circulation model to prescribed SST changes: feedback effects associated with the simulation of cloud optical properties. Climate Dynamics 5, 175187.
Makarov, V.I. 1984 Do prominences move equatorwards? Solar Phys. 93, 5979.
Martin, S.F. & Harvey, K.L. 1979 Ephemeral active regions during solar minimum. Solar Phys. 64, 93108.
Mouradian, Z., Soru-Escaut, I. 1991 On the dynamics of the large-scale magnetic fields of the Sun and sunspot cycle. Astron. Astropys. 251, 649654.
Nesme-Ribes, E., Mangeney, A. 1992 On a plausible mechanism connecting the Maunder Minimum to the Little Ice Age. Radiocarbon 32, 63270.
Nesme-Ribes, E., Ferreira, E.N., Sadourny, R., Le Treut, H. & Li, L. 1993 a Solar Dynamics and its impact on solar irradiance and the terrestrial climate. J. Geophys. Res. 98, 1892318935.
Nesme-Ribes, E., Ferreira, E.N. & Mein, P. 1993 b Solar dynamics over solar cycle 21 using sunspots as tracers. I. Sunspot rotation. Astron. Astrophys. 274, 563570.
Parker, E.N. 1955 Hydromagnetic dynamo models. Astrophys. J. 122, 293314.
Parker, E.N. 1989 Solar and stellar magnetic fields and atmospheric structures:theory. Solar Phys. 121, 271288.
Parker, E.N. 1993 A solar dynamo surface wave at the interface between convection and nonuniform rotation. Astrophys. J. 408, 707719.
Pfister, C. 1992 Monthly Temperatures and precipitation in central Europe 1525-1979: quantifying documentary evidence on weather and its effects. Climate since A.D. 1500. London.
Ribes, E., Ribes, J.-C., Merlin, PH. & Barthalot, R. 1989 Absolute periodicities in the solar diameter derived from historical and modern data. Annales Geophysicae 7, 321329.
Ribes, J.C. & Nesme-Ribes, E. 1993 The solar sunspot cycle in the Maunder Minimum AD1645 to AD1715. Astron. Astrophys. 276, 549563.
Ribes, E., Beardsley, B., Brown, T.M., Delache, PH., Laclare, F., Kuhn, J. & Leister, N. V. 1992 The variability of the solar diameter. In The Sun in Time (ed. Sonett, C.P., Giampapa, M.S. & Matthews, M.S.) pp. 5997. Arizona Univ. Tucson.
Sadourny, R. 1993 Climate sensitivity, Maunder Minimum and the Little Ice Age. ESF, Bologna.
Sadourny, R. & Laval, K. 1984 January and July performances of the LMD general circulation model. New Perspectives in Climate Modelling. Elsevier.
Schweingruber, F.H., Fritts, O., Bräker, U., Drew, L.G. & Schaar, E. 1978 The X-ray technique as applied to dendrochronology. Tree Ring Bulletin 38, 6191.
Sokoloff, D. & Nesme-Ribes, E. 1993 The Maunder Minimum, a mixed-parity dynamo mode? Astron. Astrophys., in press.
Spruit, H. 1992 Theory of luminosity and radius variations. In The Sun in Time (ed. Sonett, C.P., Giampapa, M.S. & Matthews, M.S.), pp. 118159. Arizona Univ. Tucson.
Stuiver, M. & Braziunas, T.F. 1993 Sun, Ocean, Climate and Atmospheric 14C02 variation: an evaluation of causal and spectral relationships. The Holocene 3, in press.
Willson, R.C. & Hudson, H. 1991 The Sun’s luminosity over a complete solar cycle. Nature 351, 4244.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Solar Rotation, Irradiance Changes and Climate

  • Elizabeth Nesme-Ribes (a1), Dmitry Sokoloff (a1) (a2) and Robert Sadourny (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.