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Short and Medium Term Variability of Emission Lines in Selected Southern be Stars

  • Thomas Rivinius (a1)

Abstract

We observed a sample of several southern Be stars from 1995 to 1997 typically for several months in each season using our spectrograph HEROS. One of these stars, μ Cen, was found to be in the process of continued gradual recovery of the Hydrogen emitting disk which had been lost from 1977-1989. During the monitoring period numerous line emission outbursts were observed. A generalized pattern of an outburst cycle is derived from observations of different circumstellar lines at times of various levels of emission from the disk. Relative quiescence in which mostly periodic varaibiltiy is seen, rapid decreases of emission (precursor), outburst, and subsequent relaxation can be distinguished as the main constituing phases, even though there are distinct differences between different groups of spectral lines. Based on this empirical phenomenology, a schematic picture of the associated ejection of matter into a near-stellar orbit is sketched and similarities between μ Cen and other stars will be outlined.

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References

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Kaufer, A., 1998, In: Reviews in Modem Astronomy 11, Schielicke, R. (ed.), p. 177
Rivinius, Th., Baade, D., Štefl, S., et al., 1998a, A&A 333, 125
Rivinius, Th., Baade, D., Štefl, S., et al., 1998b, A&A 336, 177

Short and Medium Term Variability of Emission Lines in Selected Southern be Stars

  • Thomas Rivinius (a1)

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