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The GALLEX Project

Abstract

The GALLEX collaboration aims at the detection of solar neutrinos in a radiochemical experiment employing 30 tons of Gallium in form of concentrated aqueous Gallium-chloride solution. The detector is primarily sensitive to the otherwise inaccessible pp-neutrinos. Details of the experiment have been repeatedly described before [1-7]. Here we report the present status of implementation in the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (Italy). So far, 12.2 tons of Gallium are at hand. The present status of development allows to start the first full scale run at the time when 30 tons of Gallium become available. This date is expected to be January, 1990.

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References

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[1] Kirsten, T. (1986) The Gallex Project of Solar Neutrino Detection. Adv.Nucl.Astrophys. (Edition Frontieres), 85 96.
[2] Kirsten, T. (1986) Progress Report on the “GALLEX” Solar Neutrino Project. 12th Int.Conf. Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, World Scient. Publ. 317329.
[3] Kirsten, T. (1987) Das GALLEX Sonnenneutrino-Experiment. Mitt. Astron.Ges. 68, 59 70.
[4] Hampel, W. (1988) The present status of the Gallium solar neutrino detector GALLEX in: Neutrino Physics, Proc. Heidelberg Conf. Springer Publ. 230 238.
[5] Kirsten, T. (1988) Status of the solar neutrino problem. Proc.9th Workshop on Grand Unification, Aix-les-Bains, World Scientific. Publ. 221 241.
[6] Hampel, W. The Status of Gallex. Neutrino 88, Boston, World Scientific Publ. 311316.
[7] Kirsten, T. (1989) Upcoming experiments and plans in low energy neutrino physics. Neutrino 88, Boston, World Scientific Publ. 742764.
[8] Bahcall, J. and Ulrich, R. (1988) Solar models, neutrino experiments and helioseismology. Rev.Mod.Phys. 60, 297 372.
[9] Mikheyev, S. and Smirnov, A. (1986) Resonance enhancement of oscillations in matter and solar neutrino spectroscopy. Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 42, 913917.
[10] Bouchez, J., Cribier, M., Hampel, W., Rich, J., Spiro, M., and Vignaud, D. (1986) Matter effects for solar neutrino oscillations. Z.Physik C32, 499 511.
[11] Hampel, W. (1986) The signal from the Gallium Solar Neutrino Detector.Implications for neutrino oscillations and solar models. Proc.Symp.Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions in Nuclei. Heidelberg, Springer Publ. 718 722.
[12] Davis, R. (1988) Solar Neutrinos. Neutrino 88, Boston, World Scientif.Publ. 518 525.
[13] Hirata, K. et al. Observation of 8B solar neutrinos in the Kamiokande II detector. Phys.Rev.Letters 63, 16 19.
[14] Kirsten, T. (1984) The Gallium Solar Neutrino Experiment. Inst.Phys.Conf.Series 71, 251 261.
[15] Paoluzi, L. (1989) The Gran Sasso National Laboratory. A279, 133 136.
[16] Belli, P., Bernabei, R., d’Angelo, S., dePascale, M., Paoluzi, L., Santonico, R., Taborgna, N., Iucci, N., and Villoresi, G. (1989) Deep underground neutron flux mesurements with large BF3 counters. Report Rom2F/88/029, submitted to Nuovo Cimento.
[17] Cribier, M., Pichard, B., Rich, J., Spiro, M., Vignaud, D., Besson, A., Bevilacqua, A., Caperan, F., Dupont, G., Sire, P., Gory, J., Hampel, W. and Kirsten, T. (1988) Study of a high intensity 746 keV neutrino source for the calibration of solar neutrino detectors. Nucl.Instr.Methods A 265, 574 586.

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