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Binary, Pulsating, and Irregular Variables Among Planetary Nuclei

  • Howard E. Bond (a1) and Robin Ciardullo (a2)

Extract

For the past two years, the authors have been carrying out a program of CCD photometry of planetary-nebula nuclei (PNNs), using the 0.9-m telescopes at Kitt Peak National and Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatories. The aim of this program is to investigate the variability of PNNs on timescales of minutes to days, in order to search for close binaries and pulsators, as well as unexpected new classes of variable stars.

The program represents an extension of the photoelectric photometry of PNNs carried out by Bond and Grauer (1987). Use of the two-dimensional CCD detector allows us to model and subtract the nebulosity surrounding a PNN, in addition to providing exactly simultaneous observations of the PNN and several nearby comparison stars. The latter allow us to compensate for variable atmospheric transparency, permitting accurate differential photometry to be obtained even when the observing conditions are not photometric.

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References

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Bond, H.E. 1988a, in Proceedings of IAU Symp. No. 131, Planetary Nebulae, in press.
Bond, H.E. 1988b, Bull. A.A.S., 20, 735.
Bond, H.E., Ciardullo, R., Fleming, T.A., and Grauer, A.D. 1988, in Proceedings of IAU Symp. No. 131, Planetary Nebulae, in press.
Bond, H.E., and Grauer, A.D. 1987, in Proceedings of IAU Colloq. No. 95, The Second Conference on Faint Blue Stars, eds. Philip, A.G.D., Hayes, D.S., and Liebert, J.W. (Schenectady: L. Davis Press), p. 221.
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