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An X-Ray All Sky Monitor for a Japanese Experimental Module on the Space Station

  • M. Matsuoka (a1), N. Kawai (a1), T. Imai (a1), M. Yamauchi (a1), A. Yoshida (a1), T. Kohno (a1), A. Yoneda (a1) and H. Tsunemi (a2)...

Abstract

We propose an X-ray all sky monitor for Japanese Experimental Module (JEM) on the space station. Considering practical circumstances, we show as a case study that the all sky monitor with slit hole cameras is most promising for monitoring the short-term and long-term X-ray transients. We call this all sky monitor as MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image). Position determination of gamma-ray bursts could be achieved with accuracy less than one degree observing the X-ray component of the burst. Weak X-ray sources such as active galactic nuclei could be also monitored with time resolution less than one day. The X-ray all sky monitor will work to discover X-ray novae and transient phenomena and give us the alarm for further detailed observations. The obtained data will be also used for archival study.

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Copyright

References

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Caroli, E. et al.: 1987, Space Sci. Rev. 45, 349
Doi, K.: 1988, LxR Report “Intrinsic ambiguity in the X-ray image data obtained with the rotating modulation collimator system”, No.8801
Holt, S.S. and Priedhorsky, W.: 1987, Space Sci. Rev. 45, 269
Kondo, I. et al.: 1981, Space Sci. Instr. 5, 211
Lund, N.: 1985, SPIE Proc. of X-ray Instrumentation in Astronomy, 597, 95
Matsuoka, M., Kawai, N., and Tsunemi, H.: 1988, IPCR CR-13 prepared for a reference mission to be attached to the JEM on the space station,
Nishimura, J., et al.: 1978, Nature 272, 337
Priedhorsky, W.C. and Holt, S.S.: 1987, Space Sci. Rev. 45, 291

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