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2. The Chemical Composition of Cometary Meteoroids

  • P. M. Millman

Abstract

Evidence for the chemical composition of cometary meteoroids is available from the spectra of shower meteors, from the analysis of extra-terrestrial dust particles, from a study of residues in the bottom of microcraters on plates exposed to the interplanetary environment, and from measures of the relative abundances of non-atmospheric ions in the E-region of the earth’s upper atmosphere. Quantitative measures of chemical abundances in meteoroids, based on the four techniques listed, show that in general the cometary meteoroids encountered by the earth conform to the carbonaceous chondrites type 1 in the case of the commonest metallic elements. There is also qualitative evidence of the presence of significant quantities of some of the light volatiles.

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References

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