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Elder Abuse and Elder Victimization: A Sociological Analysis

  • Ranjay Vardhan (a1)

Abstract

India is home to one out of every 10 senior citizens of the world. According to the 2011 Census, 8.6% of people are aged above 60 years. A number of cases of elder abuse have been reported in the mass media as these people are easy victims of violence and criminal activities. Society comes to know about only those problems which are reported. Innumerable cases of disrespect and neglect are not given any consideration. The situation becomes even worse when perpetrators are very near relatives and in some cases blood relatives also. To overcome the problem a law, the “Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act”, was passed in 2007. Based on primary data, the present paper will attempt to study the problems of the elderly with focus on gender, their abuse and victimization. The paper concludes that the majority of elders, especially those with little or no source of income, reside with their families and face abuse and victimization. Those who have a regular source of income face less abuse. To maintain confidentiality of family matters, elderly persons often do not report such crimes and undergo trauma.

India alberga a 1 de cada 10 jubilados del mundo. Según el Censo de 2011, hay un 8,6 por ciento de personas mayores de 60 años. Se reportan varios casos de abusos a personas de la tercera edad en los medios de comunicación ya que estas personas son víctimas fáciles de la violencia y actividades delictivas. La sociedad llega a conocer solo aquellos problemas que se reportan. Innumerables casos de falta de respeto y negligencia no se toman en consideración. La situación empeora aún más cuando los perpetradores son parientes muy cercanos y, en algunos casos, parientes de sangre también. Para superar el problema la Ley de "Mantenimiento y Bienestar de los Padres y Personas Mayores", fue aprobada en el 2007. Sobre la base de datos primarios, el documento intentará estudiar los problemas de las personas mayores con enfoque en género, abuso y victimización. El documento concluye que la mayoría de los ancianos, especialmente aquellos con poca o ninguna fuente de ingresos, se quedan con sus familias y se enfrentan a abusos y victimización. Los que tienen una fuente regular de ingresos enfrentan menos abuso. Para mantener la confidencialidad de los asuntos familiares, las personas mayores a menudo no denuncian tales delitos y sufren traumas.

L'Inde représente à elle seule 10% de la population des personnes âgées dans le monde. Selon le recensement de 2011, 8,6% de la population indienne a plus de 60 ans. Un certain nombre de cas d'abus de personnes âgées sont rapportés dans les médias car ces personnes sont facilement victimes de violence et d'activités criminelles. La société ne connaît que les problèmes signalés. Les innombrables cas de manque de respect et de négligence ne sont pas pris en considération. La situation devient d'autant plus grave lorsque les auteurs sont très proches et, dans certains cas, parents de sang. Pour surmonter le problème la «Loi sur le maintien et le bien-être des parents et des personnes âgées» a été adopté en 2007. Sur la base de données primaires, ce rapport tentera d'étudier les problèmes des personnes âgées en mettant l'accent sur leur sexe, le type d'abus et la victimisation. Le rapport conclut que la majorité des personnes âgées, en particulier ceux qui ont peu ou pas de source de revenu, restent dans les familles et font face à la maltraitance et à la victimisation alors que ceux qui ont une source de revenu régulière sont moins maltraités. Pour préserver la confidentialité d'une situation familiale, les personnes âgées ne signalent pas ces crimes et subissent le traumatisme en silence.

在全世界的所有人口中,每10位老年人中就有一位老年人来自印度。媒体报导了许多虐待老年人的案例,因为老年人容易成为暴力活动和犯罪活动的受害者,而往往只有在媒体曝光以后,这个问题才引起社会的注意。在更多情况下,没有人关注老年人遭遇的不敬和漠视等情况。当施暴者是近亲或是直系亲属时,情况反而更糟。 为了应对此类问题 , 2007年时 , 通过了“父母和老年人权益保护法案”。 本研究建立在先前得出的研究数据基础之上,对老年人的性别、遭受的虐待、受侵害性等问题进行了深入研究。本研究得出结论,与有正常收入的老年人相比,那些与家人同住且没有任何收入来源的老人更易受到虐待。老年人往往认为“家丑不可外扬”,即使遭遇暴力犯罪也保持沉默,受到巨大伤害而沦为受害者。

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding Author: Ranjay Vardhan, Post Graduate Government College for Girls, Sector 42, Chandigarh, India 160036. Phone: +91 9814330480. E-mail: ranjayvardhan@gmail.com and ranjayvardhan@yahoo.com

References

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Elder Abuse and Elder Victimization: A Sociological Analysis

  • Ranjay Vardhan (a1)

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