1. Nicolle, LE, Bradley, S, Colgan, R, Rice, JC, Schaeffer, A, Hooton, TM. Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria in adults. Clin Infect Dis 2005;40:643–654.
2. Urinary tract infection (catheter-associated urinary tract infection [CAUTI] and non-catheter-associated urinary tract infection [UTI]) and other urinary system infection [USI] events. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. https://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/PDFs/pscManual/7pscCAUTIcurrent.pdf. .
3. Keller, SC, Feldman, L, Smith, J, Pahwa, A, Costrove, SE, Chida, N. The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria. J Hosp Med 2018;13:392–395.
4. Epstein, L. Evaluation of a novel intervention to reduce unnecessary urine cultures in intensive care units at a tertiary care hospital in Maryland, 2011–2014. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;37:606–609.
5. Sarg, M, Waldrop, GE, Beier, MA, et al. Impact of changes in urine culture ordering practice on antimicrobial utilization in intensive care units at an academic medical center. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;37:448–454.
6. Dietz, J, Lo, TS, Hammer, K, Zegarra, M. Impact of eliminating reflex urine cultures on performed urine cultures and antibiotic use. Am J Infect Control 2016;44:1750–1751.
7. Tambyah, PA, Maki, DG. The relationship between pyuria and infection in patients with indwelling urinary catheters: a prospective study of 761 patients. Arch Intern Med 2000;160:673–677.
8. Stovall, RT, Haenal, JB, Jenkins, TC, et al. A negative urinalysis rules out catheter-associated urinary tract infection in trauma patients in the intensive care unit. J Am Coll Surg 2013;217:162–166.
9. Chan, WW. Section 3.12: Urine cultures. In: Amy Leber, ed. Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 4th ed. Washington, DC: ASM Press, 2016.