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Targeted Surveillance to Identify Children Colonized with Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

  • Aaron M. Milstone (a1) (a2), Lisa L. Maragakis (a3) (a2), Karen C. Carroll (a3) (a4) and Trish M. Perl (a3) (a2)


Performing admission surveillance cultures is a resource-intensive strategy to identify asymptomatic patients with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) colonization. We measured VRE prevalence among children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Targeted surveillance captured 94% of VRE-colonized children and may be an effective strategy to identify VRE carriers and facilitate pediatric infection prevention strategies.


Corresponding author

Departments of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, John Hopkins School of Medicine, 200 North Wolfe Street, Rub-enstein 3141, Baltimore, MD 21287 (


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