Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Survey of Tuberculin Skin Test Positivity Among Israeli Pediatric Hospital Workers

  • Yaron Finkelstein (a1), Henia Elenberg (a1), Gabriel Chodick (a1), Vered Hoffer (a1), Itamar Shalit (a1) and Ben-Zion Garty (a1)...

Abstract

Tuberculin skin test (TST) was performed in 374 healthcare workers. TST results of induration of 10 mm or more and 20 mm or more were noted in 44.9% and 10.4%, respectively. Positive TST (> 10 mm) was found to be significantly associated with age, country of origin, and duration of employment.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Department of Pediatrics B, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqva 49202, Israel

References

Hide All
1.World Health Organization. Progress against ТB stalled in key countries [press release]. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; March 19, 1998.
2.Stead, WW. Management of health care workers after inadvertent exposure to tuberculosis: a guide for the use of preventive therapy. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:906912.
3.Meredith, S, Watson, JM, Citron, KM, Cockroft, A, Derbyshire, JH. Are healthcare workers in England and Wales at increased risk of tuberculosis? BMJ 1996;313:522525.
4.Raffio, M, Tala, E. Tuberculosis among health care workers during three recent decades. Eur Respir J 2000;15:304307.
5.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health-care facilities, 1994. MMWR 1994;43(RR-13):1132.
6.Swinker, M. Occupational infections in health care workers: prevention and intervention. Am Fam Physician 1997;56:2291-2300, 23032306.
7.Srour-Finhmi, S, Weiler-Ravel, D, Kitzes, R, Chemtob, D. Routine two-step skin testing for tuberculosis in the staff of a geriatric hospital in Israel: booster and conversion rates. J Hosp Infect 2000;46:141146.
8.Levitin, Y, Baum, GL, Wartski, SA. Mantoux testing of 7th graders in Tel Aviv, Israel. Public Health Rev 2001;29:6369.
9.Chemtob, D, Leventhal, A, Berlowitz, Y, Weiler-Ravell, D. The new National Tuberculosis Control Programme in Israel, a country of high immigration. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2003;7:828836.
10.Kassim, S, Zuber, P, Wiktor, SZ, et al.Tuberculin skin testing to assess the occupational risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection among health care workers in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2000;4:321326.
11.Do, AN, Limpakarnjarat, K, Uthaivoravit, W, et al.Increased risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection related to the occupational exposures of health care workers in Chiang Rai, Thailand. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1999;3:377381.
12.Tan, LH, Kamarulzaman, A, Liam, CK, Lee, TC. Tuberculin skin testing among healthcare workers in the University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2002;23:584590.
13.Schwartzman, K, Loo, V, Pasztor, J, Menzies, D. Tuberculosis infection among health care workers in Montreal. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996;154(part 1):10061012.
14.Skodric, V, Savie, B, Jovanovic, M, et al.Occupational risk of tuberculosis among health care workers at the Institute for Pulmonary Diseases of Serbia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2000;4:827831.
15.Christie, CD, Constantinou, P, Marx, ML, et al.Low risk for tuberculosis in a regional pediatric hospital: nine-year study of community rates and the mandatory employee tuberculin skin-test program. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1998;19:168174.
16.Bock, NN, Sotir, MJ, Parrott, PL, Blumberg, HM. Nosocomial tuberculosis exposure in an outpatient setting: evaluation of patients exposed to healthcare providers with tuberculosis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1999;20:421425.
17.Bibi, H, Weiler-Ravell, D, Shoseyov, D, Feigin, I, Arbelli, Y, Chemtob, D. Compliance to treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in a region of Israel. Isr Med Assoc J 2002;4:1316.
18.Yamada, S, Caballero, J, Matsunaga, DS, Agustín G, Magana, M. Attitudes regarding tuberculosis in immigrants from the Philippines to the United States. Farn Med 1999;31:477482.
19.Menzies, D, Fanning, A, Yuan, L, FitzGerald, JM. Tuberculosis in health care workers: a multicentre Canadian prevalence survey. Preliminary results. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1998;2(suppl 1):S98S102.
20.Raitio, M, Helenius, H, Taka, E. Is the risk of occupational tuberculosis higher for young health care workers? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2003;7:556562.
21.Silva, VM, Cunha, AJ, Kritski, AL. Tuberculin skin test conversion among medical students at a teaching hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2002;23:591594.
22.Usui, T, Yamanaka, K, Nomura, H, Tokudome, S. Elevated risk of tuberculosis by occupation with special reference to health care workers. J Epidemiol 2000;10:16.
23.McKenna, MT, Hutton, M, Cauthen, G, Onorato, IM. The association between occupation and tuberculosis: a population-based survey. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996;154(part l):587593.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Survey of Tuberculin Skin Test Positivity Among Israeli Pediatric Hospital Workers

  • Yaron Finkelstein (a1), Henia Elenberg (a1), Gabriel Chodick (a1), Vered Hoffer (a1), Itamar Shalit (a1) and Ben-Zion Garty (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.