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A Survey of Hospital Postpartum and Postabortion Rubella Vaccination Policies in Los Angeles County, 1992

  • Diana G. Garcia (a1), Donnell P. Ewert (a1) and Laurene Mascola (a1)

Abstract

Objective:

To determine the proportion of Los Angeles County (LAC) hospitals offering obstetrical services that have postpartum and postabortion rubella vaccination policies.

Design:

A survey was sent to the infection control practitioners (ICPs) of all operational acute care hospitals (N = 133) in LAC in 1992. A reminder and second survey was mailed to ICPs who did not respond to the first mailing.

Results:

Of 75 hospitals with obstetrical departments, 56 (75%) responded. Thirty-four (61%) of the 56 respondent hospitals had postpartum rubella vaccination policies. Of the 34 hospitals with policies, 30 (88%) accepted only a written record of rubella seropositivity as proof of immunity, 30 (88%) screened women with unknown immunity status before hospital discharge, and 32 (94%) vaccinated susceptible women before hospital discharge. Of the 32 hospitals that performed induced abortions, only two (6%) provided screening and vaccination services for these women.

Conclusion:

Only 61% of hospitals in LAC offering obstetrical services had postpartum rubella vaccination policies while only minimal screening and vaccination occurred in association with abortion services. Widespread implementation of postabortion screening and vaccination, and more stringent compliance with Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendations for postpartum screening and vaccination in hospitals offering obstetrical services would reduce the number of rubella-susceptible women who have been missed by other prevention strategies.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Acute Communicable Disease Control, 313 N. Figueroa St., Room 231, Los Angeles, CA 90012

References

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1.Lindegren, ML, Fehrs, LJ, Hadler, SC, Hinman, AR. Update: rubella and congenital rubella syndrome, 1980-1990. Epidemiol Rev 1991;13:341348.
2.Centers for Disease Control. Increase in rubella and congenital rubellasyndrome-United States, 19881990. MMWR 1991;40:9399.
3.Lee, SH, Ewert, DP, Frederick, PD, Mascola, L. Resurgence of congenital rubella syndrome in the 1990s: report on missed opportunities and failed prevention policies among women of childbearing age. JAMA 1992;267:26162620.
4.Centers for Disease Control. Rubella prevention: recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP). MMWR 1990;39(RR-15):118.
5.Centers for Disease Control. Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome-New York City. MMWR 1986;35:770-774, 779.
6.National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 1990. Hyattsville, MD: Public Health Service; 1991.

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A Survey of Hospital Postpartum and Postabortion Rubella Vaccination Policies in Los Angeles County, 1992

  • Diana G. Garcia (a1), Donnell P. Ewert (a1) and Laurene Mascola (a1)

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