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Sites of Colonization with Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBL)-Producing Enterobacteriaceae: The Rationale for Screening

  • Sarah Tschudin-Sutter (a1), Reno Frei (a2), Marc Dangel (a1), Anne Stranden (a1) and Andreas Franz Widmer (a1)...

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Corresponding author

Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland (widmera@uhbs.ch)

References

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1.Peleg, AY, Hooper, DC. Hospital-acquired infections due to gram-negative bacteria. N Engl J Med 2010;362(19):18041813.
2.Pitout, JDD, Laupland, KB. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: an emerging public-health concern. Lancet Infect Dis 2008;8(3):159166.
3.Lautenbach, E, Patel, JB, Bilker, WB, Edelstein, PH, Fishman, NO. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae: risk factors for infection and impact of resistance on outcomes. Clin Infect Dis 2001;32(8):11621171.
4.Siegel, JD, Rhinehart, E, Jackson, M, Chiarello, L; and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. 2007 guideline for isolation precautions: preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings. http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/isolation/isolation2007.pdf.
5.Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing: Eighteenth Informational Supplement. Wayne, PA: CLSI, 2008. CLSI document M100-S18.
6.Bonnet, R. 2004. Growing group of extended-spectrum β-lactamases: the CTX-M enzymes. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2004;48(1):114.
7.Xu, L, Ensor, V, Gossain, S, Nye, K, Hawkey, P. Rapid and simple detection of bla CTX-M genes by multiplex PCR assay. J Med Microbiol 2005;54(12):11831187.
8.Christiaens, G, Ciccarella, Y, Damas, P, et al.Prospective survey of digestive tract colonization with Enterobacteriaceae that produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases in intensive care units. J Hosp Infect 2006;62(3):386388.
9.Reddy, P, Malczynski, M, Obias, A, et al.Screening for extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae among high-risk patients and rates of subsequent bacteremia. Clin Infect Dis 2007;45(7):846852.
10.Pitout, JDD, Nordmann, P, Laupland, KB, Poirel, L. Emergence of Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in the community. J Antimicrob Chemother 2005;56(1):5259.

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