Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Recycling of Injection Equipment in Pakistan

  • Syed Abdul Mujeeb (a1), Malik Mohummad Adil (a1), Arshad Altaf (a2), Yvan Hutin (a3) and Stephen Luby (a4)...

Extract

The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is high in the general population in Pakistan, ranging from 2% to 6%. Reuse of injection equipment in the absence of sterilization is common, particularly in healthcare facilities that serve low-income populations. Studies have identified unsafe injection practices as a major route of transmission of HCV in Pakistan. Changing the behavior of injection providers so that they would use new freshly opened disposable syringes would improve injection safety in Pakistan. However, frequent reports of recycling of injection equipment in the local media question the safety of apparently new syringes. Clinical laboratories are one of the major sources of production of used syringes. To evaluate the resale of used syringes, we followed the course of used syringes from their initial use to their final destination.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop A-38, Atlanta, GA 30333

References

Hide All
1.Mujeeb, SA, Shahab, S, Hyder, AA. Geographical display of health information: study of hepatitis C infection in Karachi, Pakistan. Public Health 2000:114:413415.
2.Khan, AJ, Luby, SP, Fikree, F, et al. Unsafe injections and the transmission of hepatitis B and C in a perturban community in Pakistan. Bull World Health Organ 2000;78:956963.
3.Luby, SP, Qamruddin, K, Shah, AA, et al. The relationship between therapeutic injections and high prevalence of hepatitis C infection in Hafizabad, Pakistan. Epidemiol Infect 1997;119:349356.
4.Pasha, O, Luby, SP, Khan, AJ, Shah, SA, McCormick, JB, Fisher-Hoch, SP. Household members of hepatitis C virus-infected people in Hafizabad, Pakistan: infection by injections from health care providers. Epidemiol Infect 1999;123:515518.
5.Pruss, A, Giroult, E, Rushbrook, P. Safe Management of Wastes From Health-Care Activities. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999.
6.World Health Organization. Aide Memoire for Safe Health Care Waste Management. Geneva, Switzerland: Department of Protection of the Human Environment; 2000.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed