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Recycling of Injection Equipment in Pakistan

  • Syed Abdul Mujeeb (a1), Malik Mohummad Adil (a1), Arshad Altaf (a2), Yvan Hutin (a3) and Stephen Luby (a4)...


The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is high in the general population in Pakistan, ranging from 2% to 6%. Reuse of injection equipment in the absence of sterilization is common, particularly in healthcare facilities that serve low-income populations. Studies have identified unsafe injection practices as a major route of transmission of HCV in Pakistan. Changing the behavior of injection providers so that they would use new freshly opened disposable syringes would improve injection safety in Pakistan. However, frequent reports of recycling of injection equipment in the local media question the safety of apparently new syringes. Clinical laboratories are one of the major sources of production of used syringes. To evaluate the resale of used syringes, we followed the course of used syringes from their initial use to their final destination.


Corresponding author

Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop A-38, Atlanta, GA 30333


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