*References 41–161 are available in the online supplementary material.
Haley, RW, Culver, DH, White, JW, et al. The efficacy of infection surveillance and control programs in preventing nosocomial infections in US hospitals. Am J Epidemiol 1985;121:182–205.
Harbarth, S, Sax, H, Gastmeier, P. The preventable proportion of nosocomial infections: an overview of published reports. J Hosp Infect 2003;54:258–266.
Umscheid, CA, Mitchell, MD, Doshi, JA, Agarwal, R, Williams, K, Brennan, PJ. Estimating the proportion of healthcare-associated infections that are reasonably preventable and the related mortality and costs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:101–114.
4. World Bank list of economies. World Bank website. databank.worldbank.org/data/download/site-content/CLASS.xls. Updated June 2018. Accessed Seepember 4, 2017.
5. Higgins, JPT, Green, S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, version 5.1.0. The Cochrane Collaboration website. http://handbook.cochrane.org. Updated March 2011. Accessed June 10, 2017.
Spittal, MJ, Pirkis, J, Gurrin, LC. Meta-analysis of incidence rate data in the presence of zero events. BMC Med Res Method 2015;15:42.
Zingg, W, Cartier, V, Inan, C, et al. Hospital-wide multidisciplinary, multimodal intervention programme to reduce central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection. PLoS One 2014;9:e93898.
Yavuz, SS, Tarcin, O, Ada, S, et al. Incidence, aetiology, and control of sternal surgical site infections. J Hosp Infect 2013;85:206–212.
Yamamoto, T, Morimoto, T, Kita, R, et al. The preventive surgical site infection bundle in patients with colorectal perforation. BMC surg 2015;15:128.
Wick, EC, Hobson, DB, Bennett, JL, et al. Implementation of a surgical comprehensive unit-based safety program to reduce surgical site infections. J Am Coll Surg 2012;215:193–200.
Wahl, WL, Arbabi, S, Zalewski, C, Wang, SC, Hemmila, MR. Intensive care unit core measures improve infectious complications in burn patients. J Burn Care Res 2010;31:190–195.
Viana, WN, Bragazzi, C, Couto de Castro, JE, Alves, MB, Rocco, JR. Ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention by education and two combined bedside strategies. Int J Qual Health Care 2013;25:308–313.
van Kasteren, ME, Mannien, J, Kullberg, BJ, et al. Quality improvement of surgical prophylaxis in Dutch hospitals: evaluation of a multi-site intervention by time series analysis. J Antimicrob Chemother 2005;56:1094–1102.
van der Slegt, J, van der Laan, L, Veen, EJ, Hendriks, Y, Romme, J, Kluytmans, J. Implementation of a bundle of care to reduce surgical site infections in patients undergoing vascular surgery. PLoS One 2013;8:e71566.
Tsai, DM, Caterson, EJ. Current preventive measures for health-care associated surgical site infections: a review. Patient Safety in Surgery 2014;8.
Trussell, J, Gerkin, R, Coates, B, et al. Impact of a patient care pathway protocol on surgical site infection rates in cardiothoracic surgery patients. Am J Surg 2008;196:883–889.
Titsworth, WL, Hester, J, Correia, T, et al. Reduction of catheter-associated urinary tract infections among patients in a neurological intensive care unit: a single institution’s success: clinical article. J Neurosurg 2012;116:911–920.
Tillekeratne, LG, Linkin, DR, Obino, M, et al. A multifaceted intervention to reduce rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in a resource-limited setting. Am J Infect Control 2014;42:12–16.
Ternavasio-de la Vega, HG, Barbosa Ventura, A, Castano-Romero, F, et al. Assessment of a multi-modal intervention for the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections. J Hosp Infect 2016;94:175–181.
Taylor, JS, Marten, CA, Munsell, MF, et al. The DISINFECT initiative: decreasing the incidence of surgical infections in gynecologic oncology. Ann Surg Oncol 2017:24:362–368.
Tao, L, Hu, B, Rosenthal, VD, Zhang, Y, Gao, X, He, L. Impact of a multidimensional approach on ventilator-associated pneumonia rates in a hospital of Shanghai: findings of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium. J Crit Care 2012;27:440–446.
Tanner, J, Kiernan, M, Hilliam, R, et al. Effectiveness of a care bundle to reduce surgical site infections in patients having open colorectal surgery. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2016;98:270–274.
Tang, HJ, Lin, HL, Lin, YH, Leung, PO, Chuang, YC, Lai, CC. The impact of central line insertion bundle on central line-associated bloodstream infection. BMC Infect Dis 2014;14.
Talbot, TR, Carr, D, Parmley, CL, et al. Sustained reduction of ventilator-associated pneumonia rates using real-time course correction with a ventilator bundle compliance dashboard. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36:1261–1267.
Sutherland, T, Beloff, J, McGrath, C, et al. A single-center multidisciplinary initiative to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection rates: quality and financial implications. Health Care Manag (Frederick) 2015;34:218–224.
Shitrit, P, Meirson, M, Mendelson, G, Chowers, M. Intervention to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia in individuals on long-term ventilation by introducing a customized bundle. J Am Geriatr Soc 2015;63:2089–2093.
Sen, S, Johnston, C, Greenhalgh, D, Palmieri, T. Ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention bundle significantly reduces the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill burn patients. J Burn Care Res 2016;37:166–171.
Salim, R, Braverman, M, Berkovic, I, Suliman, A, Teitler, N, Shalev, E. Effect of interventions in reducing the rate of infection after cesarean delivery. Am J Infect Control 2011;39:e73–e78.
Salama, MF, Jamal, W, Al Mousa, H, Rotimi, V. Implementation of central venous catheter bundle in an intensive care unit in Kuwait: effect on central line-associated bloodstream infections. J Infect Public Health 2016;9:34–41.
Rosenthal, VD, Rodrigues, C, Alvarez-Moreno, C, et al. Effectiveness of a multidimensional approach for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in adult intensive care units from 14 developing countries of four continents: findings of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium. Crit Care Med 2012;40:3121–3128.
Rosenthal, VD, Ramachandran, B, Villamil-Gomez, W, et al. Impact of a multidimensional infection control strategy on central line-associated bloodstream infection rates in pediatric intensive care units of five developing countries: findings of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC). Infection 2012;40:415–423.
33. Rosenthal, VD, Guzman, S, Crnich, C. Impact of an infection control program on rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care units in 2 Argentinean hospitals. Am J Infect Control 2006;34:58–63.
34. Render, ML, Hasselbeck, R, Freyberg, RW, Hofer, TP, Sales, AE, Almenoff, PL. Reduction of central line infections in Veterans Administration intensive care units: an observational cohort using a central infrastructure to support learning and improvement. BMJ Qual Safety 2011;20:725–732.
35. Rello, J, Afonso, E, Lisboa, T, et al. A care bundle approach for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Clin Microbiol Infect 2013;19:363–369.
Reddy, KK, Samuel, A, Smiley, KA, Weber, S, Hon, H. Reducing central line-associated bloodstream infections in three ICUs at a tertiary-care hospital in the United Arab Emirates. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2014;40:559–1551.
Rauk, PN. Educational intervention, revised instrument sterilization methods, and comprehensive preoperative skin preparation protocol reduce cesarean section surgical site infections. Am J Infect Control 2010;38:319–323.
Pronovost, P. Interventions to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU: the Keystone Intensive Care Unit Project. Am J Infect Control 2008;36:S171.e171–e175.
Prieto, J, Medina, JC, López, M, et al. Impact of a multimodal approach in prevention of surgical site infection in hepatic transplant recipients. Transplant Proc 2016;48:658–664.
Parry, MF, Grant, B, Sestovic, M. Successful reduction in catheter-associated urinary tract infections: focus on nurse-directed catheter removal. Am J Infect Control 2013;41:1178–1181.