1.Wenzel, RP, ed. Prevention and Control of Nosocomial Infections. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2003:14–33.
2.Bennet, JV, Brachman, PS. Hospital Infections. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1998:5–56.
3.Emori, T, Gaynes, R. An overview of nosocomial infections, including the role of microbiology laboratory. Clin Microbiol Rev 1993; 6:428–442.
4.Lynch, P, Jackson, M, Preston, GA, Soule, BM. Infection Prevention With Limited Resources. Chicago: ETNA Communications; 1997.
5.National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Report, data summary from January 1992 through June 2004. Am J Infect Control 2004; 32:470–485.
6.Garner, JS, Jarvis, WR, Emori, TG, Horan, TC, Hughes, JM. CDC definitions for nosocomial infections. Am J Infect Control 1988; 16:128–140.
7.Emmerson, AM, Enstone, JE, Griffin, M, Kelsey, MC, Smyth, ETM. The second national prevalence survey of infections in hospitals—overview of the results. J Hosp Infect 1996; 32:175–190.
8.Vincent, JL, Bihari, DJ, Suter, PM, et al. The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care units in Europe: Results of the European prevalence of infection in intensive care (EPIC) study. JAMA 1995; 274:639–644.
9.Pittet, D, Harbarth, S, Ruef, C, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for nosocomial infections in four university hospitals in Switzerland. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1999; 20:37–42.
10.Metintas, S, Akgun, Y, Durmaz, G, Kalyoncu, C. Prevalence and characteristics of nosocomial infections in a Turkish university hospital. Am J Infect Control 2004; 32:409–413.
11.Gikas, A, Pediaditis, I, Roumbelaki, M, Troulakis, G, Romanos, J, Tselentis, Y. Repeated multi-centre prevalence surveys of hospital-acquired infection in Greek hospitals. CICNet: Cretan Infection Control Network. J Hosp Infect 1999;41:8–11.
12.Pavia, M, Bianco, A, Viggiani, NM, Angelillo, IF. Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in Italy. J Hosp Infect 2000; 44:135–139.
13.Scheel, O, Stormark, M. National prevalence survey on hospital infections in Norway. J Hosp Infect 1999; 41:331–335.