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Prevalence of Nosocomial Infections in General Hospitals in Belo Horizonte

  • Edna Maria Rezende (a1), Bráulio Roberto Gonçalves Marinho Couto (a1), Carlos Ernesto Ferreira Starling (a1) and Celina Maria Módena (a1)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the magnitude of nosocomial infections (NI) in general hospitals of Belo Horizonte.

DESIGN:

Multicenter point-prevalence study of nosocomial infections.

SETTING:

All of the 11 general hospitals of Belo Horizonte that have more than 20 beds, from August 27 to October 5, 1992.

RESULTS:

Of the 2,339 patients surveyed, 267 patients had 328 nosocomial infections. The global prevalence rate of NI was 14.0%, ranging from 4.6% to 27.3% in the hospitals surveyed. The most prevalent infections were found to be pneumonia and surgical-wound infections, representing 19.5% and 19.2%, respectively, of the total infections. The highest prevalence rates of NI were observed in the cardiac surgery (31.9%), pediatric (27.2%), and orthopedic (20.7%) services. The most frequently isolated microorganisms were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas species, and Klebsiella species.

CONCLUSION:

The study allowed a thorough evaluation of the NI distribution profile in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and showed it to be a serious public health problem that requires interinstitutional efforts so that effective action can be taken.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Rua Costa Sena 93, apto 301, Bairro Padre Eustáquio, Belo Horizonte-MG-Brazil, CEP 30.720-350

References

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