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Influenza Vaccination Requirements for Healthcare Personnel in U.S. Hospitals: Results of a National Survey

  • M. Todd Greene (a1) (a2), Karen E. Fowler (a2) (a3), Sarah L. Krein (a1) (a2) (a3), Elissa Gaies (a3), David Ratz (a2) (a3), Suzanne F. Bradley (a1) (a3) and Sanjay Saint (a1) (a2) (a3)...


Corresponding author

Address correspondence to M. Todd Greene, PhD, MPH, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, 2800 Plymouth Rd., NCRC Bldg. 16, Rm. 470C, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (


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1. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Immunization of health-care personnel: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR 2011;60:145.
2. Black, CL, Yue, X, Ball, SW, et al. Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel—United States, 2013–14 influenza season. MMWR 2014;63:805811.
3. Department of Veterans Affairs. Memorandum: NPC Endorsement of Influenza Vaccination. 2014.
4. Veterans Health Administration. Seasonal influenza manual. Office of Public Health. Published July 2014. Accessed October 27, 2015.
5. Krein, SL, Kowalski, CP, Hofer, TP, Saint, S. Preventing hospital-acquired infections: a national survey of practices reported by U.S. hospitals in 2005 and 2009. J Gen Intern Med 2012;27:773779.
6. Healthy People 2020 Topics & Objectives: Immunization and Infectious Diseases: Topic IID-12.9. The Department of Health and Human Services website. Published 2014. Accessed October 27, 2015.
7. Goals for 2014-15 VA Influenza Vaccination Program. Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Publice Health website. Published 2014. Accessed October 27, 2015.
8. Miller, BL, Ahmed, F, Lindley, MC, Wortley, PM. Increases in vaccination coverage of healthcare personnel following institutional requirements for influenza vaccination: a national survey of US hospitals. Vaccine 2011;29:93989403.
9. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Providing a safer environment for healthcare personnel and patients through influenza vaccination. The Joint Commission. Published 2009. Accessed October 27, 2015.


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