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Inappropriate Antibiotic Use and Gastric Acid Suppression Preceding Clostridium difficile Infection

  • Lindsay Croft (a1), James Ladd (a2), Michelle Doll (a3) and Daniel J. Morgan (a1) (a4) (a5)
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Copyright

Corresponding author

Address correspondence to: Daniel J. Morgan, MD, MS, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 685 W. Baltimore St. MSTF 334 Baltimore, Maryland 21201 (dmorgan@epi.umaryland.edu).

References

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1. Magill, SS, Edwards, JR, Bamberg, W, et al. Multistate point-prevalence survey of health care-associated infections. N Engl J Med 2014;370:11981208.
2. Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. http://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/pdf/ar-threats-2013-508.pdf. Published 2013. Accessed October 13, 2015.
3. Cohen, SH, Gerding, DN, Johnson, S, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults: 2010 update by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Infect Control 2010;31:431455.
4. Braykov, NP, Morgan, DJ, Schweizer, ML, et al. Assessment of empirical antibiotic therapy optimisation in six hospitals: an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2014;14:12201227.
5. Srigley, JA, Brooks, A, Sung, M, Yamamura, D, Haider, S, Mertz, D. Inappropriate use of antibiotics and Clostridium difficile infection. Am J Infect Control 2013;41:11161118.
6. Dial, S, Delaney, J, Barkun, AN, Suissa, S. Use of gastric acid–suppressive agents and the risk of community-acquired Clostridium difficile–associated disease. JAMA 2005;294:29892995.
7. Technical information: Clostridium difficile tracking. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Emerging Infections Program—Healthcare-associated Infections Projects website. http://www.cdc.gov/hai/eip/cdiff_techinfo.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 11, 2015.
8. Kahrilas, P, Shaheen, N, Vaezi, M. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). American Gastroenterological Association website. http://www.gastro.org/guidelines/2008/09/16/ gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd. Published 2008. Accessed November 15, 2015.
9. IDSA Practice Guidelines. Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) website. http://www.idsociety.org/IDSA_Practice_Guidelines/. Accessed November 12, 2015.
10. Hecker, MT, Aron, DC, Patel, NP, Lehmann, MK, Donskey, CJ. Unnecessary use of antimicrobials in hospitalized patients: current patterns of misuse with an emphasis on the antianaerobic spectrum of activity. Arch Intern Med 2003;163:972978.

Inappropriate Antibiotic Use and Gastric Acid Suppression Preceding Clostridium difficile Infection

  • Lindsay Croft (a1), James Ladd (a2), Michelle Doll (a3) and Daniel J. Morgan (a1) (a4) (a5)

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