Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Eikenella corrodens

  • Charles W. Stratton (a1) and Michael D. Decker (a1)

Extract

It is thought that the first person to describe the organism subsequently known as Eikenella corrodens was Sverre Henriksen, who in 1948 reported the isolation of three gram-negative anaerobic rods with concentrically spreading colonies and a tendency to pit the agar. This corroding of the agar was seen most reliably with strain AJ, a nonmotile organism isolated from a perineal abscess. Two years later, Per Holm found that a gram-negative anaerobic organism resembling the influenza bacillus was often isolated from specimens of pus, examined for the presence of actinomycetes. Because of its appearance on blood agar, Holm proposed calling this organism the “corroding bacillus.” In 1958, Eiken studied 1,097 anaerobes isolated from 798 patients; of these, 61 corresponded in colony and microscopic morphology with the corroding bacillus.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232

References

Hide All
1.Henriksen, SV: Studies in Gram-negative anaerobes. II. Gram-negative anaerobic rods with spreading colonies. Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand 1948; 25:368375.
2.Holm, P: Studies on the aetiology of human actinomycosis. I. The other microbes of actinomycosis and their importance. Acta Path of Microbiol Immunol Scand 1950; 27:73767404.
3.Eiken, M: Studies on an anaerobic, rod-shaped, Gram-negative microorganism: Bacteroides corrodens N. sp. Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand 1958; 43:404416.
4.Reinhold, L: Studies on Bacteroides corrodens (Eiken 1958). Zentralbl Bakteriol [Orig] 1966; 201:4957.
5.Khairat, O: Bacteroides corrodens isolated from bacteriaemias. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology 1967; 94:2940.
6.Henriksen, SD: Corroding bacteria from the respiratory tract. 2. Bacteroides corrodens. Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand 1969; 75:8590.
7.King, EO, Tatum, HW: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Hemophilus aphrophilus. J Infect Dis 1962; 111:8594.
8.King, EO: Round Table. Current trends in diagnostic microbiology. The identification of unusual pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. DHEW, PHS, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, 1964.
9.Bottone, EJ, Kittick, BS, Schneierson, SS: Isolation of bacillus HB-1 from human clinical sources. Am J Clin Pathol 1973; 59:560566.
10.Jackson, FL, Goodman, YE, Bel, FR, et al: Taxonomic status of facultative and strictly anaerobic “corroding bacilli” that have been classified as Bacteroides corrodens. J Med Microbiol 1971; 4:171184.
11.Jackson, FL, Goodman, YE: Transfer of the facultatively anaerobic organism Bacteroides corrodens Eiken to a new genus, Eikenella. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1972; 22:7377.
12.Riley, PS, Tatum, HW, Weaver, RE: Identity of HB-1 of King and Eikenella corrodens (Eiken) Jackson and Goodman. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1973; 23:7576.
13.Brooks, GF, O'Donoghue, JM, Rissing, JP, et al: Eikenella corrodens, a recently recognized pathogen: Infections in medical-surgical patients and in association with methylphenidate abuse. Medicine 1974; 53:325342.
14.Goldstein, EJC, Agyare, EO, Silletti, R: Comparative growth of Eikenella corrodens on 15 media in three atmospheres of incubation. J Clin Microbiol 1981; 13:951953.
15.Suwanagool, S, Rothkopf, MM, Smith, SM, et al: Pathogenicity of Eikenella corrodens in humans. Arch Intern Med 1983; 143:22652269.
16.Brill, CB, Pearlstein, LS, Kaplan, JM, et al: CNS infections caused by Eikenella corrodens. Arch Neurol 1982; 39:431432.
17.Goldstein, EJC, Cherubin, CE, Shulman, M: Comparison of microtiter broth dilution and agar dilution methods for susceptibility testing of Eikenella corrodens. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1983; 23:4245.
18.Coykendall, AF, Kaczmarek, FS: DNA homologies among Eikenella corrodens sixains. J Periodont Res 1980; 15:615620.
19.Maliszewski, CR, Badger, SJ: Group and type antigens of Eikenella corrodens. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, 1980, p 94.
20.Rubin, SJ, Granato, PA, Wasilauskas, BL: Glucose-nonfermenting Gram-negative bacteria, in Lennette, EH, Balows, A, Hausler, WJ, et al (eds): Manual of Clinical Microbiology, ed 4. Washington, DC, American Society for Microbiology, 1985, p 334.
21.Goldstein, EJC, Gombert, ME, Agyare, EO: Susceptibility of Eikenella corrodens to newer beta-lactam antibiotics. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1980; 18:832833.
22.Goldstein, EJC, Sutter, VL, Finegold, SM: Susceptibility of Eikenella corrodens to ten cephalosporins. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1978; 14:639641.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed