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Economic Impact of Outbreaks of Norovirus Infection in Hospitals

  • Bruce Y. Lee (a1) (a2) (a3), Sarah M. McGlone (a1) (a2) (a3), Rachel R. Bailey (a1) (a2) (a3), Zachary S. Wettstein (a1) (a2) (a3), Craig A. Umscheid (a4) and Robert R. Muder (a5)...


Norovirus is highly infectious and can spread rapidly in healthcare settings, consuming resources and resulting in longer hospital stays. Although the economic impact of specific past outbreaks has been reported (eg, a 2007 outbreak of norovirus infection at Johns Hopkins Hospital cost an estimated $650,000), these costs may not be generalizable. We developed an economic computer simulation model to assist policy makers, hospital administrators, infection control professionals, and other healthcare workers in determining how much to invest in norovirus prevention and control interventions above and beyond existing infection control measures.


Corresponding author

Public Health Computational and Operations Research (PHICOR), University of Pittsburgh, 200 Meyran Avenue, Suite 200, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (


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