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The damage response framework and infection prevention: From concept to bedside

  • Emily J. Godbout (a1), Theresa Madaline (a2), Arturo Casadevall (a3), Gonzalo Bearman (a4) and Liise-anne Pirofski (a2)...


Hospital-acquired infections remain a common cause of morbidity and mortality despite advances in infection prevention through use of bundles, environmental cleaning, antimicrobial stewardship, and other best practices. Current prevention strategies and further hospital-acquired infection reduction are limited by lack of recognition of the role that host–microbe interactions play in susceptibility and by the inability to analyze multiple risk factors in real time to accurately predict the likelihood of a hospital-acquired infection before it occurs and to inform medical decision making. Herein, we examine the value of incorporating the damage-response framework and host attributes that determine susceptibility to infectious diseases known by the acronym MISTEACHING (ie, microbiome, immunity, sex, temperature, environment, age, chance, history, inoculum, nutrition, genetics) into infection prevention strategies using machine learning to drive decision support and patient-specific interventions.


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Author for correspondence: Emily J. Godbout, E-mail:


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The damage response framework and infection prevention: From concept to bedside

  • Emily J. Godbout (a1), Theresa Madaline (a2), Arturo Casadevall (a3), Gonzalo Bearman (a4) and Liise-anne Pirofski (a2)...


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